It’s pretty common to see many claims and discussions end up with the naive “do your research”. In a sense, it’s a call for bold action.
“Come to a person! Get up! All you have to do is see it with your own eyes and you will see the truth of the problem!”
This type of statement is an emotionally manipulative method that is very exciting and compelling. Here are four reasons why you should avoid asking others to investigate when discussing a topic.
Stop telling me to do my “research”. The sane person uses the internet to find out the best prices for pants and the top recipes for mushroom risotto. You cannot study pandemics or virology on the Internet until you become a trusted authority.
— Shaye Ganam (@ShayeGanam) April 3, 2021
1. Burden of proof
There are general rules for discussion. “What can be claimed without evidence can also be dismissed without evidence.” This means that when we claim the world, we are responsible for proving that our claim is true. That is.Carl Sagan Famously insisted This is because “abnormal claims require extraordinary evidence.”
This is an essential part of public discourse. If we want the general public to agree with us, we must accept the burden of proof to substantiate our ideas.
I would like to make the following claim.
“The COVID-19 vaccine is poisonous.”
This is an extraordinary claim. We have a solid track record of safe vaccines. To start taking the “poison” claim seriously, we need some important facts to support it.
Perhaps there are studies demonstrating that the vaccine is toxic or causes serious side effects. But it is still our job to provide that proof. No one needs to take us seriously until we do so.
When the evidence is provided, it can be evaluated whether the evidence is credible and whether it is related to the main claim.
2. Confirmation bias
Our minds do not always work by acting slowly, reasonably and cautiously.— It’s exhausted. Instead, heuristics (mental shortcuts) are used to enable rapid action and action.
Use heuristics to determine when to cool down when driving traffic, deciding how to avoid in a football game, or cooking. There are too many small decisions to make every day to not have these shortcuts.
Cognitive bias is similar to heuristics, but there are important differences. That is, the error is embedded in the decision.
Of a particular type Cognitive bias Confirmation bias: the tendency to interpret facts and information in a way that supports what we already believe. For example, if we are distrustful of the government, we are more likely to believe in news articles about the corruption and fraud of elected civil servants.
The problem with confirmation bias is that it leads to unreasonably privileged certain types of information over others.It’s much harder to change our minds when they’re already Ready to believe in certain things about vaccines, for example. When searching for information, look for sources that support the claims you already agree with, or deny the claims you dislike. If we are already suspicious or afraid of the vaccine, and someone says “study the harm of the vaccine”, we are more likely to carefully select individual cases of the adverse effects of the vaccine.
3. Poor intellectual virtue
Those who tell others to do research are looking for others who reach the same conclusions they have already drawn. It’s not a discussion or a discussion. It seeks non-critical consensus and social acceptance.
We all want to test our perspectives and beliefs, but we need to do more. We should welcome sincere involvement and criticism.
For effective democracy Engage with each other using intellectual virtues such as honesty, open mind, and rigor. We need to aim to be truth-seekers, with the aim of assessing the evidence and judging the credibility of everything.
4. Unreasonable expectations
No one can expect to have time to dig through all the publications on a particular topic. Even if it takes only 10 minutes to read a scientific paper on vaccination safety (which is highly underestimated in a paper that is thousands of words long), an effective study has at least half a dozen. Reading the dissertation, Field says.
And it’s just reading. We do not count the time to learn different terms and vocabularies in the field, learn about disagreements and ideas, and form our own opinions about the quality of the study.
At the very least, you’re probably considering hours of research on someone else’s claim. If the claimant submits evidence, he still needs to investigate whether the evidence is accurate, but at least now he’s talking about minutes instead of hours.
Curiosity is one of the most basic virtues of listening to each other and improving the quality of discourse. One of the real dangers to our lives is indifference to other perspectives. To make matters worse, you become indifferent to the truth itself.
You can never get a complete picture of complex social and scientific issues. Our lives are busy and complex and we don’t have time to properly research all the topics that have been placed in front of us. If someone wants to take it seriously, all they can do is present their argument completely.
We can still meaningfully interact with each other, but we must be honest about our information and where we got it from.
It’s not good to tell others to do your homework.
Quote: 4 reasons you should never say “do your research” to win the argument (February 8, 2022) from https://phys.org/news/2022-02-argument.html 2022 Obtained February 8th, 2014
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4 Reasons You Should Never Say “Do Your Research” To Win The Debate
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