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About Colorectal Cancer-Florida Healthcare News

National Colorectal Cancer Awareness MonthObserved every March, The third most common cancer, Excludes skin cancer in both men and women in the United States.Colorectal cancer The second most common cause of cancer deaths in both men and women.

In the United States, about 72% of colorectal cancers begin in the colon and 28% begin in the rectum. The colon is a muscular, 5-6 foot long tube that removes water, salt, and some nutrients from the digestion of food to form stool. The rectum is a 5-6 inch chamber that connects the colon to the anus and is the opening through which excrement exits the body. The stool is stored in the rectum until it is ready to defecate during defecation.

In colorectal cancer, the cells that line the colon and rectum grow out of control and grow out of control. tumor. Almost all colorectal cancers begin as abnormal growth called polyp It is formed in the colon and rectum and becomes cancerous over time. Colorectal cancer usually grows slowly and may go unnoticed until the cancerous tumor grows.

If there, Signs of colorectal cancer Changes in bowel habits, constipation or diarrhea, feeling that the bowel is not completely empty after bowel movements, bleeding from the rectum, blood in the stool or stool, abdominal pain and bloating, unexplained weight loss, weakness Or fatigue, unexplained anemia, lumps in the abdomen or rectum, bowel movements, feeling full after eating.

The exact cause of colorectal cancer is not clear. In most cases It occurs as a result of a combination of environmental and genetic factors. There are certain factors that increase the risk of developing the disease.

Risk factors for colorectal cancer include aging. Being a man; Eat a diet low in fiber, lean and processed, saturated fat, and high in calories. Drink excessively; Smoking; Little physical activity; Overweight or obese; Suffering from inflammatory bowel disease (Clone’s disease or ulcerative colitis); Suffering from type 2 diabetes; Polyps or hereditary He has a history of polyposis syndrome; he had breast, ovarian, or uterine cancer.

Because the signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer are common to other diseases, doctors may perform certain tests to help determine if you have cancer or something else. there is. These may include blood tests, rectal exams, and imaging tests such as ultrasound and MRI.

In 80% of cases, doctors diagnose colorectal cancer after performing colonoscopy For patients reporting symptoms. Due to its high accuracy, colonoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosing colorectal cancer. Your doctor can also examine your entire rectum and colon.

During ~ Colon endoscopyThe doctor inserts a long, thin, flexible tube with a light and a camera. Coronoscope In your anus and in your rectum and colon. During the examination, the doctor can observe and remove most polyps. Polyps are then tested in the laboratory for cancer cells.

When colorectal cancer is detected, doctors stage It is based on how far the cancer has spread.Colorectal cancer is staged at stage 0 or Carcinoma in situIf the cancer is confined to the inner layer of the colon or rectum, it is limited to stage IV, and if the cancer has spread or spread to other organs in the body.

Treatment is based on the stage of the cancer. It usually includes one or a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Other treatments may also be recommended.These include: Radio wave cauterizationUses a probe and heat energy to kill cancer cells. Immunotherapy, This energizes your immune system to fight cancer.When Target therapy, It uses drugs that specifically target cancer cells, while leaving only healthy cells, unlike chemotherapy.

Treatment is most effective when colorectal cancer is found in the early stages. However, because they are often asymptomatic at these stages, screening is important to detect the polyp before it becomes cancerous and to detect the cancer early.

The American Cancer Society recommends it Individuals with an average risk of developing colorectal cancer begin regular screening at age 45. If you have a personal or family history of colorectal polyps or cancer, or if you have inflammatory bowel disease, you should start screening early. Talk to your doctor about the best screening schedule for you based on your personal risk factors.

In general, Screening guidelines include at least one of the following tests:

  • A test to look for blood in the stool once a year
  • Tests to detect altered DNA in stool every 3 years
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy to examine the rectum and lower colon every 5 years
  • CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy). Use cross-sectional x-ray images to search for colon and rectal polyps every 5 years.
  • Colon endoscopy every 10 years

There is no optimal test for everyone. Each has its strengths and weaknesses. Talk to your doctor about the strengths and weaknesses of each test. Together, you can determine which is best for you based on risk factors and preferences. But don’t postpone screening. Colorectal cancer is a killer!

author:

Patty Dipan Philo

About Colorectal Cancer-Florida Healthcare News

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