Anger and sadness soared after George Floyd’s death, especially among black Americans, psychologists

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George Floyd’s brutal death had a profound impact on people across the country, and now Stanford researchers have made how much psychological sacrifice it has made among Americans, especially black Americans. I decided.

Following the killing of Floyd, an unarmed black man killed by a white police officer, more than one-third of Americans reported feelings of anger and sadness a week after his death.According to an analysis by US researchers, black-Americans experienced a much higher rate of grief: almost half of all black-Americans reported feeling angry or sad because of Floyd’s death, and an additional 100. Nearly 10,000 Black Americans Screened Positive for Depression Gallup and Census Data Published in Journal on September 20 Minutes of the National Academy of Sciences..

“How to get out of the COVID-19 crisis and do a national survey? mental health The number of the population was increasing. When George Floyd was killed, these data collections captured dramatic psychological consequences and provided a glimpse of how this collective moral injury affected emotional and mental health. ” Said Johannes Eichstett, an assistant professor (research) in psychology at the Faculty of Humanities. Lead author of science and treatises.

A few weeks after Floyd’s murder on May 25, 2020, protests broke out nationwide after millions of people watched the chilling video footage of his murder. His violent death, along with the deaths of Amado Arbury, Breona Taylor, and other victims of police atrocities, about many ways structural racism and prejudice are embedded in American life. It has activated the largest national movement in the history of the country.

Stephen O. Roberts, an assistant professor of psychology who co-authored the study, said, “The movements that appear at the psychological level are powerful, and not only are people invested in social change, but also emotionally. It shows that it has been invested. “

Psychological effects of Floyd’s murder

To determine the rate of anger and sadness after Floyd’s killing, researchers used the Gallup COVID-19 panel survey four weeks before and after his death.

According to the data, shortly after Floyd’s death, feelings of anger increased to about half of the population. About 38% of Americans say they have experienced anger. Sadness increased by about one-third, with 38% also reporting loss, hopelessness, and grief.

Feelings of anger and sadness were especially severe in the black community, triggered by Floyd’s death.

Almost one in two black Americans reported feelings of anger (48%), a 2.1-fold increase from the previous week. Sadness also surged to 47 percent of African Americans reporting loss, hopelessness, and grief. Among white Americans, that was about one-third. About 34% said they experienced anger and 36% sadness.

“Seeing the killing of a member of our group creates a sense of threat and vulnerability,” said Eichstadt, head of the Institute for Computational Psychology and Welfare at Stanford University. “People are aware that it could have been me or a member of my family.” It touches on the emotional core of who we are. “

Scholars said these surges were the largest Gallup’s observations since 2009, when polls began tracking emotions.

“Data from a representative Gallup survey of Americans suggests that the anger and sorrow of the American population has increased to unprecedented levels after his death,” they wrote in a treatise.Gallup hasn’t consistently measured anger and grief for the past decade, but the highest levels of anger and grief previously recorded occurred after the shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School, with 16% anger And 22 percent sorrow— Floyd’s death is less than after it was reported here.

Researchers also found that depression and anxiety were higher in Minneapolis, Minnesota, where Floyd’s murder occurred when compared to other states. This finding is consistent with previous scholarships that showed that location was important. The traumatic consequences of ethnic violence and police atrocities are greater in the communities in which they occur.

Black American spiritual life is important

Scholars also wanted to find out how people’s mental health was suffering. During the pandemic, the rate of depression and anxiety increased in the population — but the killing of George Floyd added an additional mental health burden, especially for black Americans, scholars found. ..

In an analysis of U.S. Census household pulse data collected five and one week after Floyd’s death, researchers found a 3.2% increase in depression among black-Americans: 26.7. % To 29.9%. For white Americans, it increased by 1.2%. Researchers estimate that for African Americans, this 2% increase difference corresponds to an additional 900,000 people who are positive for depression screening. Researchers estimate that each of these additional depression screenings is associated with 3-7 days of mental impairment, and therefore 2.7-6.3 million additional mental health among African Americans. It means an unhealthy day.

For scholars, the racial disparities revealed in these data show the disproportionate burden of witnessing police violence on the black community.

Previous studies have shown that the killing of unarmed black Americans by police can be a compensatory traumatic experience for other black Americans. A study by Eichstaedt and Roberts confirms the heterogeneity of these spillover effects in American society.

“Racism is literally lurking in the skin,” said Roberts, who heads the Institute for Social Concepts at Stanford University. “Black Americans are not only at increased risk of encountering racism in the real world, including police atrocities, but also at the risk of carrying the psychological burden of that unfortunate reality.”

That psychological burden can often lead to a physical burden. Trauma has been shown to have detrimental effects on people’s physical health, including increased risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity, scholars say in a paper.

“We must acknowledge that the spiritual life of African Americans is also important for building a more equitable society for Black Lives Matter,” the scholars write.

George Floyd’s death also occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic, where he saw the black and brown communities carry a disproportionate burden of illness. Floyd’s death brought a new level of fatigue, Roberts said.

“We need to understand and admit that in addition to dealing with pandemics and work and family responsibilities, black Americans had to bear the burden of George Floyd’s murder,” he said. Said. “Being a black American requires strength and patience, and that was especially true in 2020.”

African-American Racial Violence and Mental Health

For more information:
The Emotional and Mental Health Impact of George Floyd’s Killing on the U.S. Population Minutes of the National Academy of Sciences (2021).

Quote: After George Floyd’s death, anger and sadness soared, especially among black Americans. Psychologists have discovered that they obtained September 20, 2021 from (September 20, 2021). floyd.html

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Anger and sadness soared after George Floyd’s death, especially among black Americans, psychologists

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