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At the forefront of climate change

Floods are common during the Indian monsoon season, according to a report from the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, but climate change has strengthened the monsoon.

India’s Swath is fighting deadly floods and landslides after heavy monsoon rains. This is the latest example of how vast countries are at the forefront of climate change.


In the first seven months of this year alone, 1.3 billion poor countries have experienced two cyclones, deadly glacial collapses in the Himalayas, a heat wave, and a deluge.

Melting glacier

In February, flash floods struck the distant Himalayan valley of India, washing houses, hydroelectric power plants, and about 200 people. Only 60 have been found.

Experts believe that the cause was a huge mass of glaciers (15 long soccer field, 5 wide) crushed high in the mountains.

A glaciologist who investigated the site told AFP that the catastrophe was “clearly the effect of climate change and, in itself, the story of our future.”

In the Himalayas of India, about 10,000 glaciers recede at a rate of 30-60 meters (100-200 feet) every 10 years as the temperature of the earth rises.

In 2013, flash floods struck the same area, killing 6,000 people.

More cyclones

Cyclones are not uncommon in the northern Indian Ocean, but scientists say that as seawater temperatures rise, cyclones become more frequent and more serious.

People see the remains of a dam in Tapovan, Himalayas, India,

People saw the remains of a dam in Tapovan, Himalayas, India, and were swept away by flash floods believed to have been caused by a giant glacier chuck breaking high in the mountains.

In May, Cyclone Taukte claimed that 155 people lived in western India, including dozens working on oil rigs off Mumbai. It was the most intense storm that struck the area in decades.

Barely a week later, the wind-blown Yaas, the equivalent of a Category 2 hurricane, killed at least nine people and forced more than 1.5 million people to evacuate in the east.

Hundreds of thousands of people have lost their homes in the waves of double-decker bus height. “I lost all my home,” said one survivor.

It’s getting hotter and hotter

According to a recent government report, the average temperature in India rose to around 0.7 degrees Celsius (1.3 degrees Fahrenheit) between the beginning of the 20th century and 2018. It will rise another 4.4 degrees by 2100.

In early July, tens of millions of people were enthusiastic about the latest heat waves in northern India.

The Indian Meteorological Service has declared heat waves almost every year in the last decade, with temperatures reaching 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit).

According to the best meteorologists, the Hindustan Times reported that heat waves have killed more than 17,000 people in India since 1971.

In Churu, Rajasthan, temperatures have reached 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit).

In Churu, Rajasthan, temperatures have reached 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit).

Currently, only 5% of Indian households use air conditioners, but 90% in the United States and 60% in China.

However, the market is projected to grow rapidly over the next few years, already boosting energy consumption, the world’s third-largest source of carbon emissions.

Monsoon flood

Heavy rains have hit India’s west coast in the past few days, causing landslides and heavy sludge, leaving more than 75 dead and dozens of missing.

The resort, reportedly on the hillside of Maha Valley Schwa, has been reported to have rained nearly 60 centimeters (23 inches) in 24 hours.

The neighboring resort state of Goa has been hit by the worst floods in decades, the prime minister said.

Floods and landslides are common during the dangerous monsoon season in India. During the monsoon season, under-constructed buildings often buckle after several days of unstoppable rain.

However, climate change is making the monsoon stronger, according to a report from the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research in April.

It warned of potentially serious consequences for food, agriculture, and the economy, affecting nearly one-fifth of the world’s population.

Climate change means worse monsoon floods in India

Climate change means a worsening monsoon flood in India.

Lightning

The June-September monsoon also poses a danger from the sky. In 2019, a lightning strike killed about 3,000 people.

Earlier this month, 76 people died, including watching a storm and taking selfies at a historic fortress in Rajasthan.

But scientists say climate change may be causing lightning more often. According to a recent survey, strikes have increased by 34% over the past year.

And it’s not just people. In May, thunder was accused of killing at least 18 elephants in Assam.


Indian rescue teams search for survivors when monsoon tolls reach 115


© 2021 AFP

Quote: India: Get July 25, 2021 at the forefront of climate change (July 25, 2021) from https://phys.org/news/2021-07-india-frontline-climate.html

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At the forefront of climate change

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