Washington – The Biden administration’s early efforts to revive the 2015 Iran nuclear deal have received a chilly early reaction from Tehran. Few expected a breakthrough in the first month of the new administration, but Iran’s tough lines suggest a difficult path ahead.
After making some important overtures to Iran in the first few weeks of his inauguration, the administration’s efforts have been largely shunned by the Iranians. They had already rejected Biden’s first gambit: US return to a deal withdrawn by President Donald Trump in 2018 if Iran resumes full compliance with its obligations under the agreement.
Iran has been shaped to be a major test of the Biden administration’s overall approach to foreign policy. The president said he would readjust with multilateral diplomacy that Trump avoided. There are other hot button issues, such as Russia, China and North Korea, but Iran is especially important to Biden’s top national security adviser. They include Secretary of State Antony Blinken, National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan, and Iran’s Special Envoy Rob Murray. All of these are deeply involved in the creation of the 2015 deal under President Barack Obama and may have a personal interest in bailout.
Biden has promised to revoke billions of dollars in sanctions in exchange for curbing Trump’s nuclear program. Just last week, Biden achieved results in at least three ways: Agreeing to return to multinational negotiations with Iran on a revival of trade, Trump’s decision to restore all UN sanctions on Iran. To withdraw, and to ease troublesome travel restrictions on Iranian diplomats sent to the United Nations.
Still, Iran has firmly adhered to demanding that it take no action other than the complete lifting of the sanctions imposed by Trump. Over the weekend, Iran successfully threatened to suspend compliance with the UN agreement permitting intrusive inspection of declared nuclear sites. Iran did not order the dismissal of international inspectors, but vowed to reduce cooperation with them and revisit the stage within three months if sanctions were not lifted.
The harsh attitude of the Iranians has put the administration at the pinnacle of difficult choices. We will ease sanctions before Iran resumes full compliance and risk losing the leverage it has, or double the demand for full compliance first and risk Tehran leaving. From.
It’s a delicate balance, and given Iran’s politically sensitive nature in Washington, the administration is reluctant to admit it is facing. Republicans are strongly opposed to the nuclear deal. Europe and the Middle East itself, especially Israel and the Gulf Arab countries, are most directly threatened.
On Monday, Secretary of State Antony Blinken reaffirmed that the United States is ready to return to the nuclear deal, provided that Tehran is “strictly compliant” with the nuclear deal. Blinken has promised that Iran will never acquire nuclear weapons for a UN-sponsored disarmament conference in Geneva, and will be signed between Iran and Germany and France in collaboration with allies and partners. He said he promised to “extend and strengthen” the agreement.United Kingdom, Russia, China, United States
“Diplomacy is the best way to reach that goal,” he said.
But just 24 hours ago, Iran declined a plea to stop working with the UN nuclear watch on Sunday. Iran did not expel the International Atomic Energy Agency, which is responsible for monitoring Iran’s compliance with the agreement, but has terminated access to video from cameras installed at many sites.
There was no immediate reaction to that development from the United States, but on Monday both the White House and the State Department downplayed the importance of the move.
“Our view is that diplomacy is the best way to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons,” White House spokesman Jen Psaki told reporters. “It does not mean that they have not explicitly taken the necessary steps to comply, and we have taken or suggested steps to meet the demands they are advocating. not.”
At the State Department, spokesman Ned Price spoke more directly about the IAEA’s mission, threatening to expel Iran early on Tuesday, but keeping inspectors and their equipment in the country. He praised “specialty”. He said the United States supported the success of IAEA chief Rafael Grossi in reaching a temporary agreement with Iran, but lamented that Tehran remained unobserved.
Mr Price said the government was concerned that Iran would appear to be heading in the wrong direction, but did not comment on the government’s view of whether outreach had been successful so far. He is also not ready to say what the administration could do to bring Iran back into compliance with the agreement, given the ongoing threat of waiving all restrictions imposed by Iran. It was.
“The United States is ready to meet with Iranians to break down these difficult and complex questions,” said Price, whose original goal was “compliance” and then “compliance-plus.” “
According to government officials, “Compliance Plus” includes restrictions on Iran’s non-nuclear activities, such as missile development and support for rebels and militias in the Middle East. The main reason Trump allowed withdrawal from the nuclear deal was that it did not address those issues and his administration sought to extend the deal to include them for over a year.
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Biden tries to revive Iran’s nuclear weapons trade
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