Carbon payments play a vital role in forest conservation programs

Sacred grove Wing Wimapov on Pemba Island, Tanzania. Credits: Monique Borgerhoff Mulder

Saving Payments If the program does not make payments, they will not be saved. This shows a case study of the REDD + preparation program on Pemba Island off the coast of Tanzania by the University of California, Davis.

REDD + is a United Nations program that represents deforestation and reduction of emissions from deforestation. It aims to provide incentives to developing economies to protect forests by paying forests for additional carbon storage through the carbon market. “Plus” refers to the social benefits of protecting local forests, such as empowering women, securing ownership and increasing biodiversity.

Studies published in the journal today Environmental research letterI found that Social benefits The REDD + project in Pemba was not enough to delay deforestation without payment alone. Using satellite imagery and statistical matching techniques, the authors found that there was no quantitative difference in forest cover changes between Pemba regions with and without the REDD + program.

Payment priority

“I’m not saying that REDD + doesn’t work at all,” said lead author Dr. Amy Collins. He was a student at the University of California, Davis at the time of his research and is now a postdoctoral fellow at Colorado State University. “REDD + can be useful, but it needs to be implemented properly. Indeed, you need to make payments for nature’s services.”

Carbon payments play a vital role in forest conservation programs

REDD protected forest in Pemba, Tanzania.Credits: Amy Collins, University of California, Davis

Payments by REDD + are primarily related to carbon sequestration. At Pemba, the process of measuring, reporting and verifying carbon sequestration was left incomplete by carbon agents due to technical shortcomings and lack of follow-through.

It’s not just pemba. According to a previous survey, as of 2018, two-thirds of the REDD + program was unpaid for a variety of reasons.

To ensure compensation, the authors suggest that it is necessary to ensure that the REDD + program has a viable strategy for monitoring and validating results before the project begins in the field. I am.

Other benefits

Carbon storage is the main criterion for REDD + payments, but local forestry projects often have positive effects other than carbon. This study suggests that these other benefits should be better monitored and integrated into payment standards.

Carbon payments play a vital role in forest conservation programs

The beehive sits on top of the trees in the forests of Pemba Island, Tanzania. Urticaria is part of the locally run Pemba Honey.Credits: Amy Collins, University of California, Davis

for example, Deforestation rateThe author directly witnessed the social and environmental benefits of the program, including community empowerment, especially for local women.

“Our broader research team is finding female engagement Maintenance The goal is to grow as a result of various levels of exposure to REDD +, and the community forest model supported by REDD + is spread throughout the island despite no payment, “said the University of California, Davis. Monique Boger Hoffmalder, a project leader who is a professor of anthropology at the school, said. , And now I am at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig.

For example, this program not only allows for strict preservation, but also allows for multiple uses in the forest. One of the predominantly female groups has launched a beekeeping business called Pemba Honey, which produces honey with the unique taste of cloves, the main crop of Pemba.

“When I was doing a survey on Pemba Island, I saw many women driving this program,” Collins said. “Educing women to play an important role in business and livelihood was recognized from the beginning as a potential common benefit of this REDD + project.”

Additional co-authors include Mark Grote and James Thorn of the University of California, Davis, Tim Caro of the University of California, Davis and the University of Bristol, Aniludda Gauche of the University of California, Davis and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture in Nairobi, Colorado State. Includes the university Jonathan Salerno.

Carbon paying countries protect forests, but only if payments continue

For more information:
Amy Collins et al, Community Forest Management Performance in Case of REDD + Payment Failure, Environmental research letter (2022). DOI: 10.1088 / 1748-9326 / ac4b54

Quote: Carbon payments were obtained from https: // on February 23, 2022 Forest Conservation Program (February 23, 2022) It plays a very important role in the day).

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Carbon payments play a vital role in forest conservation programs

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