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City life or farm life?When elephants adapt to different human development

Elephants in the African Wildlife Corridor.Credits: Dr. Tempe Adams, Elephants Without Borders

A new study from Elephants Without Borders (EWB) and Radboud University shows that elephant migration through wildlife corridors is directly influenced by various forms of human pressure and development.Their study was published today front line of conservationis the first paper to examine in detail how different land uses affect elephants and wildlife corridor utilization.


Between 2012 and 2019, researchers used motion-detecting camera traps to track six wildlife corridors in two different human-dominated landscapes: the towns of Kasane, Botswana, and Kazungula, Zambia. I watched the movement of passing elephants. Botswana’s Chobe enclave farming villages are both in the Chobe district.

This study shows that different land uses appear to influence how elephants use wildlife corridors on an hourly basis. Elephants in agricultural areas mostly migrated along corridors mainly at night, when human activity is low, compared to urban corridors, where humans and elephants actively overlap.

“This is the first study of its kind to look in detail at comparing how different land uses affect elephant migration and wildlife corridor utilization,” said the lead author. EWB’s Tempe Adams said.Increased human development and change land use Restrict access to wildlife resources. It also increases competition and rivalry between animals and humans. This is one of the biggest conservation challenges facing the future of elephants in both Africa and Asia. The designation and maintenance of wildlife corridors is a fundamental wildlife management tool for continuing both development and conservation.

“This was a great opportunity to link our research investigating human pressures on biodiversity at Radboud University with the conservation work being done by Elephants Without Borders,” said Radboud University’s School of Environmental Sciences. Associate professor and author of the paper. “Our results show that elephants change their behavior in human-modified landscapes, but their responses vary with human disturbances.”

This study highlights the need to consider wildlife every day activity pattern In and around cities, towns and rural areas for conservation and environmental management planning. “What’s really amazing is what we found elephant We don’t perceive all human development the same, but we adjust our behavior to adapt to change and human pressure,” says Adams. It is important to support Maintenance of a species. ”


Wildlife-human conflicts may change with climate change


For more information:
Who is adapted to whom? Differences in diurnal activity of elephants in wildlife corridors across different human-modified landscapes, Frontiers of Conservation Science (2022). DOI: 10.3389/fcosc.2022.872472

Quote: City Life or Farm Life? When Elephants Adapt to Different Human Developments (28 July 2022) https://phys.org/news/2022-07-city-life-farm-elephants-human. Retrieved on July 28, 2022 from html

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City life or farm life?When elephants adapt to different human development

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