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Consumer Health: Living with Atrial Fibrillation

A 12-lead ECG showing atrial fibrillation at about 150 beats per minute. Credits: James Heilman, MD / Wikipedia / CC BY-SA 3.0

According to the American Heart Association, at least 2.7 million people in the United States have atrial fibrillation. And as the risk of developing it increases with age and people live longer, medical researchers predict that the frequency will increase dramatically over the next few years.

Atrial fibrillation is an irregular, often rapid heart rhythm that can cause blood clots in the heart. Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of stroke, heart failure, and other heart-related complications.

People with atrial fibrillation are unaware of the signs and symptoms. Those who do so may have a sensation of fast, fluttering, or throbbing heartbeats. Chest pain; dizziness or lightheadedness; and shortness of breath.

Treatment of atrial fibrillation depends on the age of atrial fibrillation, symptoms, and the underlying cause of heart rhythm problems. The goal of treatment is to reset the rhythm of the heart, control the heart rate, and prevent blood clots that can cause a stroke. Treatment options include medication, treatment called cardioversion to reset the heart’s rhythm, and surgery or catheterization.

If you have atrial fibrillation, these healthy lifestyle choices can reduce the symptoms and risk of complications.

  • Eat foods that are good for your heart health.Eat one Healthy diet It is low in salt and solid fat and rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
  • Regular exercise. Exercise daily to increase physical activity.
  • Stop smoking. If you smoke and can’t quit smoking yourself, talk to your healthcare team about strategies and programs to break your smoking habits.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight increases your risk of developing heart disease. Healthy weight loss helps manage the symptoms of atrial fibrillation and may improve the outcome of catheter ablation.
  • Controls blood pressure and cholesterol levels.make Lifestyle changes Take medications prescribed to correct high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
  • Limit alcohol. Heavy drinking (5 glasses in 2 hours for men and 4 glasses for women) can increase the likelihood of atrial fibrillation.In some people, even moderate amounts of alcohol can induce Atrial fibrillation..
  • Get follow-up care. Take the medicine as prescribed. Make regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare team to let them know if your symptoms have worsened.

Atrial fibrillation significantly increases the risk of serious complications and death from COVID-19


© 2022 Mayo Clinic News Network.
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Quote: Consumer Health: Life with atrial fibrillation (July 25, 2022), https: //medicalxpress.com/news/2022-07-consumer-health-atrial-fiberlation.html July 2022 Obtained on the 25th.

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Consumer Health: Living with Atrial Fibrillation

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