COVID Vaccine: CDC Advisor recommends injections of Pfizer, Moderna in children under 5 years of age

New York-Saturday US health adviser recommended COVID-19 vaccine for toddlers, toddlers and preschoolers-the last group without shots.

Advisors to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have unanimously decided that the coronavirus vaccine should be released to 6-month-old children. Final approval was scheduled for later that day by CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky.

The Food and Drug Administration approves the vaccine, but it is the CDC that decides who will be vaccinated.

The government is preparing for the start of firing early next week and has been ordered to administer millions of doses for distribution to doctors, hospitals and community health clinics nationwide.

Approximately 18 million children will be targeted, but it is not yet known how many will eventually be vaccinated. Since vaccination began last November, less than one-third of children aged 5 to 11 have done so.

There are some things you need to know.

What kind is available?

Two brands, Pfizer and Moderna, received a green light from the FDA on Friday. Vaccines use the same technique but are offered in different dose sizes and shot counts for the youngest children.

Pfizer vaccines are 6 months to 4 years. The dose is one tenth that of an adult and requires three doses. The first two are given at 3-week intervals and the last two are given at least 2 months later.

Moderna is given to children aged 6 months to 5 years at intervals of about 4 weeks in two injections, each at a dose of one-fourth that of an adult. More vulnerable to serious illness.

How do they work?

In the study, vaccinated adolescents developed antibodies that fight viruses at levels as strong as young adults. This suggests that child-sized doses protect against coronavirus infection.

However, it is difficult to pinpoint exactly how well they work, especially for Pfizer vaccines.

Two doses of Modena appeared to be only about 40% effective in preventing mild infections when the Omicron mutant was causing most COVID-19 illnesses. Pfizer provided research information suggesting that the company saw 80% on three shots. However, Pfizer’s data is so limited and based on so few cases that experts and federal officials say they do not feel that there are still reliable estimates.

Do I need to vaccinate my little ones?

Yes, according to a CDC adviser. COVID-19 is the most dangerous for the elderly, but young people, including children, can also be very ill.

Hospitalization surged during the Omicron wave. Since the beginning of the pandemic, about 480 children under the age of five have been among the more than one million COVID-19 deaths nationwide, federal data show.

“The death toll is relatively rare, but it’s worth vaccination because it can be prevented by vaccination,” said Dr. Matthew Daily, a researcher at Kaiser Permanente, Colorado, on the Advisory Board. ..

Which vaccine should my child receive?

Either, Dr. Peter Markes, FDA’s head of vaccines, says.

“Whatever vaccine your healthcare provider, pediatrician has, that’s what I give my child,” Marks said on Friday.

The doses have not been tested against each other, so experts say there is no way to determine if either is better.

One consideration: It takes about 3 months to complete the Pfizer 3-shot series, but only 1 month for the Moderna 2-shot. Therefore, families who want immediate protection for their children may want Moderna.

Who is giving the shot?

Pediatricians, other primary care physicians and children’s hospitals plan to provide vaccines. Limited drugstores offer them to at least some of the groups under the age of five.

US officials expect most shots to be made in the pediatrician’s office. Dr. Ashish Jha, COVID-19 coordinator at the White House, said many parents may find it more comfortable to vaccinate regular doctors for their children. He predicted that the pace of vaccination would be much slower than in the elderly.

“Vaccinations will increase over weeks and even months,” Jha said.

Can my child get another vaccine at the same time?

It is common for small children to get multiple vaccines while seeing a doctor.

A study of Moderna and Pfizer shots in infants did not provide data on potential side effects if they did occur because no other vaccinations were given at the same time.

However, when COVID-19 shots and other vaccinations were given together, problems with older children and adults were not identified, and the CDC advises that it is safe for younger children as well. increase.

What if my child has recently been infected with COVID-19?

It is estimated that about three-quarters of children of all ages are infected at some point. For the elderly, the CDC recommends vaccination anyway to reduce the chance of reinfection.

Experts focus on reinfection among previously infected people and state that the highest levels of protection are provided in both vaccinated and previously infected people.

According to the CDC, vaccination may be considered for about three months after infection.

Note: The video at the top of this player is from a previous report

Copyright © 2022 By AP communication. all rights reserved.

COVID Vaccine: CDC Advisor recommends injections of Pfizer, Moderna in children under 5 years of age

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