Lifestyle

Declaring racism as a public health crisis draws more attention to closing the long-ignored racial gap in health.

Credit: PIXTA / CC0 public domain

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has joined hundreds of cities and counties across the country by declaring racism as a public health threat. On April 8, 2021, CDC director Dr. Rochelle P. Warrensky called racism an epidemic that affects “overall health in our country.”

Declaring racism as a public health threat will create a sharper strategic and operational focus on understanding and combating racism. Walensky said the CDC invests more in the color community and works to create more diversity within the CDC.

The agency will create a portal on the CDC site called “Racism and Health” to help provide resources and educate people.

As a professor and founding dean of the Fairbanks School of Public Health at Indiana University, I agree that paying attention to racial gaps in healthcare is an important step in addressing them.

Raise the back

Recognizing racism as a public health threat enables the creation of workforce training programs in public health, medicine, nursing and other areas. In addition, all health-related professional training programs may be required to include structural racial identification and implicit bias and anti-racism strategies in the curriculum. This focuses on measuring the factors that influence racism. Designating racism as a public health emergency can provide an institutional focus on the actions taken to address this long-overlooked problem.

The United States pays more per capita health care than any other industrialized country in the world, but health statistics show that the United States lags behind. Canada, Japan, Malta, New Zealand, Singapore and Switzerland are better. Among the industrialized nations, the US healthcare system is currently ranked 37th in the world.

In reality, health is the result of many factors. Most striking is that it has nothing to do with intelligence, diet or work conditions. Instead, it’s a person’s zip code. Where someone lives is the number one predictor of health and life expectancy. A person’s zip code is also a good predictor of race and ethnicity. These things also have a big impact on how long someone lives and, perhaps more importantly, how well they work.

I live in Indiana. Here, today, a baby born near a southern city lives 14 years less than another baby born within 20 miles of the northern suburbs. How a country protects the health of its children tells us so much about its society. In the United States, infant mortality (infants dying before their first birthday) is the highest in the world and highest in the Midwest and Southern states. And overall, infant mortality affects the black community at a higher rate than other races.

Overall high risk

If you are an African-American mother in Indiana, your baby is three times more likely to die before your first birthday. Being born black also means that you suffer from high blood pressure and are twice as likely to have a stroke. Black Americans are also more than five times more likely to be in jail and will make significantly less money than their white neighbors. And people of color are up to 10 times more likely to test positive for COVID-19.

Where you live, how much you earn, access to transportation, and the ability to shop at your local supermarket are all part of the social determinants of health, and how long people are. And it is the most powerful predictor of how well you live.

In the last century, life expectancy in the United States increased by 30 years. New drugs and gadgets had little to do with it. Most of those extra years came for the protection provided by the public health system. This includes clean water and food supplies in a safe and improved environment.

Decades of discriminatory housing practices have brought poverty, substandard housing and environmental hazards to the black community. Unfortunately, most federal-backed homes are in isolated areas at high risk of lead poisoning, exposure to air pollution, or lack of access to healthy food.

Almost 18% of the US economy is devoted to medical expenses. This is many times the investment in many other countries that have significantly improved their health, such as France, Italy, Singapore, Colombia, Saudi Arabia and Denmark.

Of the $ 3.8 trillion spent on health care, public health and prevention are allocated less than 3% of this huge budget. However, the 2018 report shows a return on investment of 3-1 for public health financing.

Treating racism like the illness that the CDC says suggests that increasing investment in public health funds is a well-used money.


Dismantling white supremacy in public health


Provided by conversation

This article has been republished from Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Please read the original article.conversation

Quote: Declaring racism as a public health crisis is a long-term health obtained from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-04-declaring-racism-health- on April 23, 2021. Bringing more attention to the resolution of the neglected racial gap (2021, April 23) Crisis-attention.html

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Declaring racism as a public health crisis draws more attention to closing the long-ignored racial gap in health.

Source link Declaring racism as a public health crisis draws more attention to closing the long-ignored racial gap in health.

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