For better detection, more women are diagnosed with ductal cancer.
DCIS cancer is non-invasive, meaning that it is completely confined to one location.
The challenge facing more women is how far they need to be treated, such as radiation, after the cancer has been removed.
New tests are spared the treatment of many patients they may not need.
Vicky Triplet considered skipping the annual mammogram for a pandemic, but eventually she went and it changed her life.
“I probably dragged more than I needed,” Triplet said. “But I made a promise, and as soon as I entered, they told me, you know, we need to biopsy this as soon as possible.”
A small tumor in the triplet’s breast was determined to be cancerous, small, and localized. It was stage 0.
“DCIS is the earliest stage of breast cancer, and DCIS stands for ductal carcinoma in situ,” said Dr. Lea Blackwell, a surgical breast oncology scientist at Genesis Care. “This is non-invasive breast cancer. Basically, the duct through which milk passes in the breast changes. And the cells grow abnormally in the tube, causing cancerous growth in the tube.”
DCIS, which was once rarely diagnosed, now accounts for about 20% of breast cancers because it is detected by advanced mammography. With proper treatment, the survival rate of DCIS is almost 100%.
Many of these remain in the tube, do not become invasive, and emphasize the option of receiving rounds of radiation that the patient may not need, making treatment decisions difficult.
Currently, new risk assessment tools assess the likelihood of recurrence after surgery.
“After removing DCIS, they can use tests like the Prelude DX test to help identify people who really benefit from radiation,” says Blackwell. “The problem with DCIS is that if DCIS recurs, it will recur as invasive in half the time.”
Blackwell is part of Triplet’s cancer team.
“The new test they used was very clear: exactly what you know, surgery, and how the chances of recurrence decrease when exposed to radiation, in black and white. I was able to see it, and moreover, it was possible to make more informed decisions, “says Triplet.
In the case of triplets, she was treated for a month because adding a round of radiation could reduce the chances of the cancer coming back.
“Ten months after her surgery, she completed her radiation therapy and is doing great things,” Blackwell said.
Now Triplet is toasting her future.
“Early detection is key, so if I could have one woman in the mammogram,” Triplet said.
Ductal cancer becomes more prevalent as the diagnosis improves
Source link Ductal cancer becomes more prevalent as the diagnosis improves