Ecuador created a large new marine protected area north of the Galapagos Islands on Friday, forming a Pacific corridor to Coco Island National Park in Costa Rica to protect species of migratory animals such as sharks.
President Guillermo Lasso on board a science ship in the Galapagos National Park (PNG) anchored in Puerto Ayora Bay off Santa Cruz Island has signed a decree to create a new reserve called “Hermandad” (brotherhood). ..
To commemorate the opening of the marine protected area, he cut a ribbon made of materials collected during a coastal cleanup in the Galapagos Islands.
The new reserves have been incorporated into the 138,000 square kilometers (50,200 square miles) reserves that have existed since March 1998.
As a result, the archipelago that influenced British naturalist Charles Darwin expanded to a protected area of 198,000 square kilometers. Sea area..
The Galapagos Marine Reserve, where industrial fishing is banned, is the second largest protected area in the world. More than 2,900 species of marine life have been reported in the archipelago, which is a World Heritage Site.
Authorities are planning to join neighboring Colombian and Panama protected areas later, creating an international marine biosphere reserve.
Leaders from these two countries also signed the decree with lassos.
Lasso announced the expansion of the Galapagos Marine Reserve with its unique flora and fauna and fragile ecosystems in Glasgow in November during the COP 26 Climate Summit.
This project was done in exchange for reducing Ecuador’s external debt.
The creation of the “Brotherhood” Reserve was a “clear message to the world,” and Lasso Friday described it as “a new relationship with the Earth, a new understanding of what constitutes human progress.”
Colombian President Ivan Duque and former US President Bill Clinton attended the event with government officials from Costa Rica and Panama.
The new reserve “will guarantee the survival of 40 percent of the world’s marine species,” Duque said.
“We may be a small territory … but the planets are also ours,” Lasso said.
“The ocean is a major regulator of the Earth’s climate,” he added, “taking care of the ocean is not a naive idealism, it is an essential necessity.”
Located in the Pacific Ocean, about 1,000 km (600 miles) from the coast of Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands are a protected wildlife region and are home to unique flora and fauna.
The archipelago became famous for its observations by British geologist and naturalist Charles Darwin about its evolution.
© 2022 AFP
Quote: Ecuador expands marine life protection around Galapagos (15 January 2022) 15 January 2022 https://phys.org/news/2022-01-ecuador-sea-life-galapagos.html
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Ecuador expands marine life protection around Galapagos
Source link Ecuador expands marine life protection around Galapagos