Extended Medicaid for Children Brings More Stable Homes, Research Report

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Biden’s White House continues to promote formal talks on the bill, as negotiations on the Buildback Better Act proposed by President Biden are stagnant, and if passed, up to 4 million uninsured, including children. American health insurance will be significantly expanded.

Expanded health care Children A new study by Sebastian Tello-Trillo, an assistant professor at the Frank Batten Leadership and Public Policy School at the University of Virginia, is being thoroughly researched and co-authored by parents of children targeted by Medicaid.

In a recently published paper, Tello-Trillo and co-authors Daniel S. Grossman (West Virginia University) and Barton Willage (Louisiana State University) Mother’s The insured’s children are more likely to have a stable marriage and have lower levels of stress. Also, if the child is insured, the mother will experience improved mental health in particular.

The authors also found that the positive impact of expanded Medicaid coverage on parents leads to better home experiences for children and contributes to the long-term positive effects of Medicaid coverage shown in previous studies. It suggests that you are likely to.

UVA Today discussed with Tello-Trillo about the implications of these findings and their potential impact on current public policy proposals.

Q. Which age group did you and your colleagues focus on for this job?

A. The sample mothers range from 16 to 53 years. These mothers were specifically between the ages of 14 and 22 when she first interviewed her in 1979 because she was able to track her mothers over time. For children experiencing Medicaid changes, we studied the entire range of childhood from birth to the age of 18.

Q. How many children are currently eligible for Medicaid? Also, what opportunities do you and your co-authors see to expand this program related to children?

A. Currently, about 38.3 million children are enrolled in Medicaid, and about 44 million are eligible.

An impressive example of how important Medicaid is in relation to birth: Medicaid pays about half of all births in the United States, but our study does not cover birth-related policies. Although many children are eligible for Medicaid, 5.7% of all children remain uninsured and the majority of this group are low-income households with incomes below 250% of the federal poverty line. I live in.

Q. What is the impact on parents if their child gets more insurance as part of Medicaid?

A. For parents, covering their children is easy to understand. Health insurance You can rest assured, especially if this insurance is affordable or free.

According to our research, this security will have other implications for family life. It was found that mothers are more likely to get married, more likely to get married, and less likely to get divorced. We also found that mothers are more likely to opt out of their workforce to focus on self-production, such as caring for their children. In addition, it had a positive effect on the health behavior of the mother (reduced smoking and drinking). This may be due to a reduction in stress as the child’s mental health has improved significantly when insured.

Q. Your research focuses primarily on the “spill” effect on the mother, but can you guess how this will affect other families?

A. We could see the father, but not the broad results of this group. The father had the same marriage effect as the mother, but the employment results did not. It was not possible to investigate changes in the mental health of the father or other family members.

Q. Are there any additional benefits to my child if Medicaid’s coverage is expanded beyond receiving the required medical care?

A. Improving access to health care is an important factor in the impact of Medicaid on children, but our research reveals another impact. It’s a better home experience for kids. Both increased parental presence and less stressful parents during the first few years of childhood can be better for the child and can have a positive impact on the child’s development. In addition, if the marriage is more stable due to less stress, the children of that marriage will probably benefit.

Q. If my children get more insurance, will it have a broad impact on the current social situation?

A. In some previous studies, when a child receives Medicaid, he not only becomes healthier as a child, but also experiences better health, achieves better educational outcomes, and leads a more productive life as an adult. Is shown.

We believe that one possible mechanism of these long-term consequences is the improvement of the childhood home experience that results from the improvement of mother’s well-being. This suggests that the spillover we find may improve children’s well-being in the short and long term.

Q. What surprised you most about your research results?

A. My co-author and I had different views on what we found most amazing. For me, I think it’s possible to document this relationship as a causal relationship.Despite the central idea of ​​expanding the scope of Medicaid for children, it brings more households Stable— Sounds intuitive, but few studies have documented this fact. I was also surprised at the result of the marriage.

Q. What public policy changes can be made in the light of this new information?

A. Our findings reveal how Medicaid affects you. Household It also provides evidence of the benefits of physical social programs for children. If we focus on supporting children, we will also support the families in which they live.

In addition, our research can be added to a community of work that provides support for incorporating the long-term implications of policy changes. Investing in children from a policy perspective increases “the value of your money” in many ways.

When parents get Medicaid, it can help their children’s health

For more information:
Daniel S. Grossman et al, Health Insurance for Whom? “Spillover” effect of child medical insurance on mothers (2022). DOI: 10.3386 / w29661

Quote: Extended Medicaid for children brings a more stable household. The survey report (March 1, 2022) was obtained from on March 1, 2022.

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Extended Medicaid for Children Brings More Stable Homes, Research Report

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