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Family values ​​outweigh politics in American Latino climate beliefs

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For many in the United States, artificial climate change is a political tug of war between left and right. But for Latin Americans in this country, the problem is much more familiar.


A new study led by Adam Pearson, an associate professor of psychology at the University of Pomona, and Jonason Schult, an associate professor of communications at the University of Agricultural and Life Sciences and interim secretary general of the Roper Polling Center, said: is showing. family Value is a much stronger predictor climate From opinions and policy support Political Views For American Latin Americans.

“Cultural Determinants of Climate Change Opinions: Familyism Predicts Climate Beliefs and Policy Support Among Latino Americans,” published in a journal on July 15. Climate change.. Rainer Romero-Canyas, Chief Social Scientist of the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), is a co-author.

Schult, faculty fellow at the Cornell Atkinson Sustainability Center, said: , Along with EDF, funded this research through a 2015 grant.

“People have been trying to understand why,” Schult said. “So here we considered familyism, or family values, as one of the potential pieces of this puzzle.”

Schuldt found that he could not find a clear answer as to why familialism, a cultural value that represents family commitment and prioritization, is such a powerful predictor among Latin Americans. Admitting, their and previous studies provide some clues.

“When we think about the types of climate change threats, the more familiar we are with family values, the more we may be concerned about climate change and its implications across loved ones and generations,” he said. rice field.

Other studies have shown that Latino Americans have more contact with extended families, including those living abroad, than Caucasians. “Some of the places where climate change is having a devastating impact,” Schult said.

“Feeling a sense of family connection and commitment and believing that family considerations should guide our daily decisions shape a consensus view within the family, including social issues such as climate change. Maybe, “Pearson said. “And this can affect the sharing of climate beliefs and concerns within Latino families.”

The Pearson and Schuldt groups used data from a national survey of 1,212 adults in the United States conducted in the spring of 2016 as part of a larger survey on climate change. The analysis was limited to respondents identified as either Latino (304; 29.2%) or non-Hispanic / Latino Caucasian (741; 70.8%).

The study focused on two important climate beliefs: certainty that climate change is occurring. Belief in scientific consensus.Policy support for reduction Greenhouse gas emissions It is also measured in 5 questions, each of which can be answered on a scale of 1-7 (strongly opposed to strong support).

Familyness “should help older parents when needed, such as financially or sharing a home,” and “children are always good because they represent the family.” Measured by agreement with a statement that “should be taught.” .. The measurements were taken on a scale of 1-5, from strong opposition to strong agreement, reflecting family commitment and a sense of duty.

Researchers also measured climate beliefs and concerns, especially family-focused, including a consensus view within the family. “Most of my family has human-induced climate change [NOT] “It’s happening” —and concerns about family harm are assessed using a scale of 1 to 5 in a statement that “we are concerned that climate change will harm my children and grandchildren.” (I strongly oppose strongly agreeing).

In all measurements, and to control some demographic variables, familialism has emerged as the most powerful predictor of climate opinion among Latino Americans. Political ideology and education were consistently the strongest predictors for whites, but family values ​​also predicted their policy support.

One notable finding in Romero-Canyas is that familialism has demonstrated climate beliefs among Latino Americans.

“Of all Latinos, it’s the most important predictor, and even more important than politics,” he said. “That’s interesting to me. Looking at whites, familyism also predicts their beliefs about climate, but not as strong as politics. Among Latin Americans, when it comes to climate change, family members It seems that the values ​​exceed the political values. “

According to Schult, other studies show that the effects of familialism diminish as Latino families undergo acculturation in the United States. “Family values ​​may be a bit in conflict with American culture’s focus on independence and independence.”

Pearson said this study and future studies in this area could impact climate change organizations and public support.

“It’s often seen as a political issue, and our findings suggest that for certain groups, politics may not be the lens they see. Climate change“This has important implications for stakeholder involvement. What do we appeal to — people’s politics, their impartiality, their concern for the environment, or perhaps theirs? Family values?? “

Other contributors included Guadalupe Bacio, an assistant professor of psychology, and Chicano / o and Latina / o studies at Pomona College. And Sarah Naiman, a PhD student at Cornell University in the field of natural resources.


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For more information:
Adam R. Pearson et al, Cultural Determinants of Climate Change Opinions: Familyism Predicts Climate Beliefs and Policy Support among American Latinos, Climate change (2021). DOI: 10.1007 / s10584-021-03165-2

Provided by
Cornell University

Quote: Family Values, US Latin American Climate Beliefs Obtained from https://phys.org/news/2021-08-family-values-outweigh-politics-latinos.html on August 5, 2021 It exceeds the politics of (August 5, 2021)

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Family values ​​outweigh politics in American Latino climate beliefs

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