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Global Conflict, Survey Results Fanned by “hawkish” politicians seeking by-elections

Long-term conflicts, such as between Israel and Palestine, are inflamed by the political process itself as politicians adopt strict “hawkish” policies to be reelected, according to new research.


Leaders propose more rigorous settlements than citizens desire to demonstrate their ability to manage potential conflicts. This process also faces the pressure of reelection, driving political “dove” to adopt stricter policies than usual.

If voters do not know the ideology of politicians or their abilities, for example, if relatively new leaders have an unknown view of how much conflict they can tolerate, the election process is of course idealistic hawks. Support.

Survey results PLOS One, British and Australian researchers, Political spectrum Both “hawks” and “pigeons” are strengthening their position in the face of conflict.

In Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu’s hawkish policies gave him an election victory, and India’s incumbent Prime Minister Narendra Modi, a neighboring country of Pakistan and hawks, secured re-election.

U.S. President Barack Obama, faced with a declining level of support among the electorate, ironically shows a hawkish willingness to fight the conflict when he wins the Nobel Peace Prize. I gave a speech.

Co-author Siddhartha Bandio Padiyai, a professor of economics at the University of Birmingham, commented: Will last.

“Our findings shed new light on the persistence of the Middle East conflict and the rise of ideological hawks in the United States after the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

“In times of conflict, hawkish policies carry the day. The advantages that hawks had in deciding US foreign policy, and the rigorous policies and politics of more hawkish leaders. You just need to see the success of the recent elections you enjoyed to see the house. Dominate in times of conflict. “

Researchers modeled the conflict as a land conflict between the two groups. The first is a dispute with an elected leader whose ability to manage the dispute after the settlement is unknown to voters. This leader may also have a hawkish or dovish ideology, and experts have investigated scenarios that voters know and do not know.

Each reconciliation proposed by the leader leads to the possibility of conflict. Reconciliation will be more difficult. In other words, the less resources a leader transfers to another group, the more likely it is that many of the leaders in that group will not accept it. be opposed to.

“we, Political process Contribute to leaders who propose stricter reconciliations than citizens desire so that they can demonstrate their ability to manage potential conflicts. This applies to the entire spectrum of idealism, “says Professor Bandyopadhyay.

Mander Oak, an associate professor of economics at the University of Adelaide, commented: Election process Naturally, we support the elections of those who are idealistic hawks. In such a scenario, the involvement of a third party, such as the United Nations, in the negotiations may be mutually beneficial. ”


Democracy Tends to Start War – Unless otherwise


For more information:
Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay et al, Model of Conflict and Leadership: Is there a hawkish drift in politics? , PLOS ONE (2022). DOI: 10.1371 / journal.pone.0261646

Quote: Global conflict inflamed by “hawk” politicians seeking elections, findings (January 14, 2022) https: //phys.org/news/2022-01-global-conflicts Obtained January 14, 2022 from -inflamed-election-seeking- hawkish.html

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Global Conflict, Survey Results Fanned by “hawkish” politicians seeking by-elections

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