In Rhode Island, 80% of pregnant women check in to Providence Women & Infants when they are ready to give birth. This hospital is one of the largest obstetric care hospitals in the country. If the child needs urgent treatment, parents can rush to Hasbro Children’s Hospital, which handles 90% of pediatric hospitalizations in the state. The nearby Bradley Hospital specializes in child and adolescent mental health.
No other state in the country provides medical care for such a large population in areas that are virtually similar to the campus of a single medical school. In this case, the Browns Warren Alpert Medical College includes their respective colleges. Three affiliated companies of teaching hospitals.
To build the unique opportunities offered by its ongoing care, the Brown-based Hassenfeld Institute for Child Health Innovation will spend time studying pregnant women and their babies in 2017. Started a named study. The original prenatal cohort of Hassenfeld Study Data will be collected from pregnant women in the first or second trimester and tracked until postpartum. The postnatal cohort of this study, launched two years later, focuses on women after giving birth at Women & Infants. Participants share demographic information, provide saliva, Blood sample, And complete regular surveys about them health..
To date, more than 1,000 women are enrolled, with 40-60 new mothers and their babies continuing to participate each month. A treasure trove of this data allows researchers to look for patterns and make predictions about maternal and child health.
Example: Can factors affecting pregnant women with asthma (stress, diet, sleep, heredity, etc.) predict the development of asthma in children? Newborn behavior that may be associated with developmental delay ? Are babies born with a particular postal code more likely to experience certain health problems? Socio-economic and racial / ethnic disparities between the mother’s pregnancy and the first year of the child How does it affect the health and development of the child?
“The Hassenfeld study is a rich source of data that can be used to answer important questions and sow additional research on imminent child health issues,” said Hassenfeld, a professor of public health and medicine at Brown. Patrick M. Vivier, who leads the institute, said. ..
In 2019 alone, Brown scholars at the Hassenfeld Institute were awarded a federal grant of nearly $ 15 million for research that relies on the birth cohort. Among them, the National Institutes of Health awarded Brown’s research team $ 6.9 million to investigate the developmental origins of child health inequalities. $ 3.5 million to identify a better way to diagnose glucose metabolism disorders during pregnancy. $ 4.1 million to analyze infant crying and neurobehavioral characteristics as an early marker of autism spectrum disorders.
To assist Brown’s scholars conducting such research, the Hassenfeld Institute has convened a team of clinicians and researchers to collect and analyze data and fund ideas. Change to the project of.
“For those of us who came to Rhode Island, a great place to study population health, the Hassenfeld Institute makes it possible to achieve that goal,” said Maternal and Child Fetal Medicine, an assistant professor at Brown University. Said Dr. Erica Warner, who teaches. At Women & Infants. “So far, there are skilled technicians who collect biological specimens such as saliva and blood. Data analysis, We have knowledgeable teammates who can use this information to help you apply for a grant. “
Werner, a member of the institute’s executive committee, used the Hassenfeld study to inform her about her study: Pregnant woman Health interventions to prevent gestational diabetes and childhood obesity.
And because the data from the Hassenfeld study can be used to gain insights, the institute helps local partners solve a variety of real-world problems affecting the people of Rhode Island. can.
The staff came to the Hassenfeld Institute when the office of former Rhode Island Governor Gina Raimondo needed help in understanding the reading comprehension of third graders. Experts in the Institute’s core research and evaluation unit can conduct retrospective studies to assess risk factors in early childhood and determine how they relate to reading comprehension years later. I did. Their analysis provided a strategy to achieve the state’s goal of perusing 75% of third-year students by 2025.
When the Rhode Island Community Food Bank wanted to know more about the people the organization serves (a quarter of them are children), their leaders also came to the lab. The researchers planned the study, trained volunteers to run it on more than 400 people, and then analyzed the results. One of the main findings was that 45% of respondents reported serious health-related problems, emphasizing the fact that children need nutritious foods to grow. I will.
“We were overwhelmed by the institute’s incredible expertise,” said Andrew Schiff, CEO of Food Bank. “The 2019 Hunger Survey is a family member of our program. Provided a more detailed depiction of. It has fundamentally changed our sense of responsibility to ensure that we provide our patrons with the healthiest food possible. Medical Please cooperate with the provider. “
In another project, Hassenfeld Institute scholars can analyze Medicade billing data to identify geographic hotspots for childhood asthma and help researchers find associations with characteristics of neighboring areas such as poverty and old housing. I did it. They also mapped the prevalence of childhood obesity by town and encouraged community-based groups to pursue initiatives such as nutritional improvement in school meals.
Hassenfeld’s research also provided an opportunity to assess the impact of emerging threats. By the end of 2020, 241 mothers who participated in the study completed the COVID-19 pandemic study, and the results provide important insights into the public health side effects of COVID-19. After 70% of mothers said their stress levels were higher than before the pandemic and 19% of their children were found not to see a doctor directly, the institute found out that their children’s wellness routines during COVID, etc. Provided a webinar on the topic of.
Research data should not be useful solely to research partners: “We make this information available as soon as possible to advise, reassure, and guide families throughout the state and beyond.” ..
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How Mother’s Data Can Help Countless Children
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