Choosing a new water heater can be challenging, especially when you have several criteria to fulfill. You need to take into consideration the fuel type or energy source you intend to use and the annual operational costs you would incur as a result of the consumption. Secondly, the size of your household and the space constraints will play a major role in your decision. Being on your own or living with a partner in an apartment would most certainly mean that your day-to-day water requirements would be much lesser than a family of 5 people living in a house, for instance.
Also, space comes at a premium when you are residing in an urban setting, so it’s an important factor when choosing a water heater. It is also essential to know how energy-efficient or cost-efficient the water heater is before purchasing it. Installing the right water heater according to your needs is the only way to spend winters without any disconcertment. So let’s break it down and help you find the perfect water heater based on your preferences and needs.
Conventional Water Heater
Conventional water heaters have for long been a prevalent water heating option worldwide. They are designed to feature a decent-sized insulation tank that is used to store warm water. These heaters have a low initial cost when compared with all their competitors unless you’re going for the latest model.
Conventional water heaters also work efficiently in different climates, unlike the heat pump, solar, and tankless water heaters, which require certain conditions as a prerequisite to perform optimally. One of the drawbacks that conventional water heaters have is that they cause increased energy waste in order to keep the tank of water warm. Whereas tankless heaters heat up water only when it is needed. These heaters are made to store a large quantity of warm water, so one cannot get around their size.
The most obvious problem with this appliance is that if you miss any regular maintenance checks, it could cause you to end up in a situation where you would have to deal with corrosion and rust, which could lead to dramatically expensive damages to your house. So proper maintenance of this type of heater is critical for long-term usability.
Tankless Water Heater
Tankless water heaters heat water without having to store it and provide warm water almost instantaneously. A couple of considerations when deciding on what tankless heater to buy is the size that you want. They are usually compact, however, which means you won’t have to worry about having a bulky storage space. Also, reduced energy requirement keeps the water warm results in lesser energy consumption, which means you can fully enjoy this power-saving appliance.
A couple of drawbacks that you may deal with are that it has quite a small capacity of hot water, which entails that it won’t be a good option if you have a large family with a lot of consumption. Secondly, this heater has a significantly higher initial cost than its alternatives; the lowest-priced heater option starts from around $1,000. This high initial cost would certainly deter some people from investing in this appliance when there are much cheaper alternatives in the market.
Heat Pump Water Heater
These “hybrid” water heaters are made to move heat from one place to another without actually generating heat in the process. They’re efficient enough to utilize the surrounding air and ground heat and then use minimal electricity to transfer the heat energy from one point to another. Multiple consumer reports have shown that heat pump water heaters are extremely efficient as they tend to use around 60% less energy than any conventional heater in the market.
Unlike conventional water heaters, the heat pump provides incredibly consistent performance and is not fussy when it comes to maintenance. A couple of drawbacks that one faces with heat pump heaters is that they typically don’t have a very impressive life span which averages out to about 10 years. In comparison to tankless heaters, which span up to 20 years, and conventional heaters that average at 15 years, the heat pump water heaters just fall shy in their longevity.
There is usually a lot of qualitative research that goes in when deciding to install a water heating unit for your apartment complex or household. After analyzing the modern market and developing a well-rounded understanding of your needs through consultation with a local plumbing professional or manufacturer, you can be certain you are making the most informed decision.