Human cells get less protein from plant-based meat than chicken

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2022, DOI: Quoted from 10.1021 / acs.jafc.2c01711 “width =” 800 “height =” 449 “/>

Meat substitutes (left) are similar to chicken (right), but their protein is not absorbed by human cells. credit: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2022, DOI: 10.1021 / acs.jafc.2c01711

Many people are now embracing the plant-based meat movement. Protein-rich plants such as soybeans are common ingredients, but it is unclear how much nutrients enter human cells. With ACS Journal of Agricultural and Food ChemistryResearchers report that model plant-based alternative proteins were less accessible to cells than those from meat. The team states that this knowledge could eventually be used to develop healthier products.

Consumers can now buy almost all types of meat substitutes. Ground beef Fishing the stick. To mimic the real look and feel, the plants are dehydrated into powder and mixed with seasonings. The mixture is then usually heated, wetted and processed in an extruder. These products are often considered healthier than animal meat because the plants used to make them are high in protein and low in unwanted fats. but, Lab test The alternative protein has been shown not to be broken down into peptides like meat protein. Osvaldo Campanella, Da Chen and colleagues wanted to go one step further and see if human cells could absorb the same amount of peptide as chicken from a meat substitute.

Researchers with soybeans Wheat gluten In the extrusion process. When cut open, the material had long pieces of fiber inside, like chicken. Next, the substitutes and cooked pieces of chicken were crushed and broken down with the enzymes that humans use to digest food.In vitro studies showed that meat substitute peptides were less water soluble than those from chicken and they were also not absorbed by. Human cells..

With this new understanding, researchers say the next step is to identify other ingredients that may help promote peptide uptake in plant-based meat substitutes.

Plant-based meat substitutes are growing, but not enough to impact the beef industry

For more information:
Peptide characterization and cell uptake In vitro Digestion of meat analogues produced by a sustainable extrusion process, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2022). DOI: 10.1021 / acs.jafc.2c01711

Quote: Human cells ingest less protein from plant-based meat than chicken (June 22, 2022). -meat.html

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Human cells get less protein from plant-based meat than chicken

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