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Is the US-Mexico border at stake?

Nearly 19,000 children traveling alone stopped at the Mexican border in March, breaking the record highs set during the 2014 and 2019 mass migration of children.

Is it a crisis? Spin and semantics aside, Mexico-to-US immigration has seen a third significant increase under the Republican and Democratic presidents for the first time in seven years. This is for the same reason.

How has immigration changed since Joe Biden became president?

During the last few months of President Donald Trump, border encounters, a widely used but incomplete gauge that indicates the number of times U.S. authorities have encountered immigrants, were unusually low at 17,106 last April. Soared from to 74,108 in December. They soared in the first few months after President Joe Biden took office. The number of encounters in March exceeded 172,000, an increase from about 100,000 in the previous month, the highest since March 2001.

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However, this is only part of the big picture. Who crosses is as important, if not more, as how many are trying.

Adults in Mexico spurred last year’s rise, reverting to one of the largest immigrant growth in US history from 1965 to the Great Depression of 2008. In March 2020, the Trump administration introduced pandemic-related powers and immediately expelled people from the United States. Without the opportunity to seek asylum. Without facing the consequences, Mexican men kept trying until they achieved it.

Approximately 28% of those exiled in March were previously exiled, while the 12-month pre-pandemic recidivism rate ended in September 2019 was 7%, according to Biden administration officials. .. The recidivism rate for adults in Mexico was 48%. During a two-week stretch in San Diego last year.

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After Biden took office, families and children traveling alone, with more legal protection and more care, became a big part of the mix. It accounted for more than 40% of all encounters in March, up from 13% three months ago.

Authorities encountered 18,890 unaccompanied children in March, well above record highs of 11,475 in May 2009 and 10,620 in June 2014.

Why are families and children coming now?

it’s complicated. Central Americans have fled poverty and violence since at least the civil war in the 1980s. Hurricane Eta and hunger in November gave new stimuli to parts of Guatemala and Honduras.

Immigration is also guided by changes in US policy — both reality and rumors. Biden exempted unaccompanied children from pandemic-related exiles and allowed them to stay in the United States in pursuit of asylum.

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About one-third of the family encounters in March were banished and the family was taken to the border with the hope of staying in the United States. Mexican officials have resisted regaining a Central American family with children under the age of six from the busiest Rio Grande Valley in Texas. Illegal intersection corridor. As a result, US authorities have begun daily flights to El Paso, Texas, and San Diego, from which they have been expelled from their families.

He retains Trump’s pandemic-related expulsion rights, but Biden quickly abandons other policies as cruel and inhumane, fulfilling his campaign promises.

Trump “Stays in Mexico” Forces Asylum Seekers to Wait for Hearing in U.S. Immigration Court in response to a significant increase in Central American families and children, which peaked in May 2019 Expanded policy. According to the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse at Syracuse University, it was undoubtedly effective in deterring asylum, but asylum seekers were exposed to violence in Mexico, as documented by advocacy groups such as Human Rights First. Finding a lawyer in Mexico was very difficult.

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Other Trump-era policies included expedited asylum procedures within US Customs and Border Protection detention facilities, where access to lawyers was nearly inaccessible. An agreement has been reached with Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador that the United States will send asylum seekers to Central American countries, where they will have the opportunity to seek protection there.

What is the Biden administration doing?

Short-term border security facilities are overburdened. Over 4,000 parents and children (mostly unaccompanied children) are packed into a 250-person CBP tent complex in Donna, Texas. More than 600 children were packed into a room built for 32 last week, separated by plastic walls.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, which provides long-term care for children to deal with severe overcrowding, has reached a number of agreements to move unaccompanied children to larger venues, and authorities are US “sponsors.” Preparing to release the child to. Usually family or relatives. The new site will include the Dallas and San Diego Convention Centers, the San Antonio Stadium, and the Fort Bliss Army Base in El Paso, Texas. Long Beach, California, agreed on Tuesday to accommodate up to 1,000 people in the convention center.

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Biden’s aides are expediting the release of children to US parents, relatives, and others by covering airfares in some cases.

People are traditionally released in the United States and notified to appear in immigration courts. However, in the Rio Grande Valley, border guards stopped issuing court notices to many immigrant families in March to save time and instead ordered them to report to the U.S. Immigration and Customs Department within 60 days. ..

The Biden administration is seeking $ 4 billion to address the “root cause” of migration from Central America. Instead of making a dangerous journey to the US border, we are stepping up efforts to get children to apply for asylum from their homes in Central America.

Last month, Biden led the US response by tapping Vice President Kamala Harris.

Copyright 2021 AP communication. all rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.

Is the US-Mexico border at stake?

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