Landowners are needed to protect endangered species

Land ownership category throughout Australia. The size of the circle represents the percentage of each land owned. The numbers inside or next to each circle are the number of endangered species whose distribution overlaps with land ownership for more than 5%.

Over the last decade, Australia’s nature conservation areas have almost halved.Our national reserve system is now Covers 20% country’s.

This is a positive step for thousands of endangered species. But that’s just one step.

What we urgently need to help these species recover completely is to protect them across their range.And that means we have to get better by protecting them Private land..

our Recent research This is clearly shown. It turns out that nearly half (48%) of our endangered species distribution occurs in privately owned free land, even though only 29% of Australia is thus owned.

In contrast, leasehold rights (mainly inland cattle rangelands) cover a whopping 38% of the continent, but only overlap with 6% of the endangered species distribution. And in our protected reserve? An average of 35% of the species distribution.

Why do you need more? Isn’t our protected area sufficient?

When most of us think of saving seeds, we think of national parks and other safe havens.

This is the most well-known strategy and our efforts to expand our network are commendable. For new additions Nariiara Kayapundi Swamp National Park Northwestern New South Wales, Dry Andra Woodland National Park Western Australia, and some Indigenous protected area Around Australia, protection for some species will be enhanced.

But relying on reserves is not enough. Seen from the air, Australia is a patchwork quilt of farms, suburbs and fragmented forests. For many species, finding food sources and companions has become difficult.

Since the beginning of European colonization, we have lost at least 100 species, including 3 species From 2009..

Almost 2,000 plant When animal Dozens of reptiles, frogs, butterflyfish and fish are on the verge of extinction. Birds and mammals Seeds are set to be lost forever without gradual change Resource and conservation efforts..

What we do with our property is important to nature

Almost half of the endangered species live on free-preservation land.Seeds like Pygmy bluetongue lizard (Tiliqua adelaidensis) Giant Gippsland earthworm (Megascolides australis) occurs almost entirely on private land.

In contrast, leasehold rights overlap with only 6% of the species distribution. It may sound low, but species like the highly photogenic carpentarian rock rat (Zyzomys palatalis) are completely leased.

What about 1.4% of Australia set aside to log in to state forests? They also provide the main habitat for endangered species, including: Simson’s stag beetle (Hoplogonus simsoni) occupies more than two-thirds of the distribution in state forests in northwestern Tasmania. Similarly, Cork Horn Grevillea (Grevillea celata) is known only in the state forests of the Gippsland region of Victoria.

Even defense land, which covers less than 1% of Australia, is the only home owned by some species.I take the Cape Range Remi Ped (Kumonga exleyi), known only from the Air Force bombing range near Exmouth, Western Australia, or Byfield matchstick Shrubs (Comesperma oblongatum) surviving in the highly biodiversity Shoalwater Bay military training area of ​​Queensland.

Indigenous estates across Australia intersect with almost all of these ownership types and are also very important for half of Australia’s endangered species distribution. Previous research..

All hands must be on the deck to keep the endangered species alive

Saving Australia’s endangered species is the end of the day, as climate change doubles the challenges they face. If you have a real chance to turn the tide, you have to do more.

Driving the tragic stream of species to extinction means that we must be proactively in control. Multiple threats To their existence across many different types of land ownership.

Several methods of primary forest logging and intensive farming continue to be at risk Many endangered speciesEspecially those that depend on these land types for survival.

Over 380 endangered species have part of the land reserved for logging.Logging Major threats For 64 of these endangered species.

How can better conservation be achieved outside the protected area?

Many landowners are keenly aware of the species they share the land with and are already taking action to protect them. One of the key ways is to use land partnerships where landowners and managers work with conservationists.

Take the big owners Sue and Tom Shepherd Cow property at Cape York..There are some last leftovers at their station Golden-shouldered parakeet (Psephotus chrysopterygius).Shepherd is working to bring seeds back from the brink through careful management Grazing, fire, wildlife..

Similarly, hundreds of jobs Rice farmer Helps save endangered species Australasian bittern (Botaurus poiciloptilus). Each year, up to one-third of the remaining population descends and breeds in New South Wales paddy fields. Rice farmers are responding to these birds by ensuring early permanent water, reducing predator numbers and increasing habitat.

It has also been successful on Wehrmacht lands. Kimberly’s Yampi Sound Training Area is a biodiversity hotspot. A partnership Between the Department of Defense and the Australian Wildlife Sanctuary, we are supporting the protection of these species with the use of the Department of Defense. This model can be deployed in other areas of defensive land.

What is stopping more people from taking action?

Many landowners may want to help, Finance Constraints, lack knowledge Or concerns about the impact Land resale It can be a barrier.

If more landowners want to encourage the direct protection of species on their land, they must start by understanding what they want. Only then can we design initiatives to support these species. Benefits and involvement Landowner.

What does this look like? Imagine a financial incentive to participate in a nature maintenance program. Alternatively, landowners can reduce wind and dust by reducing erosion, controlling rabbit numbers, protecting waterways from trees introduced by silt and water absorption, and securing land for trees. Workshops that can bring tremendous benefits to your land.

If farmers and landowners can clearly see the benefits of wildlife and their own use, they are much more likely to participate.

No incentive need to do it Financially too. If landowners feel what works and can act after training and receive technical support and support, landowners may begin their path to making the land more friendly to endangered species. It will be higher.

If we really want to protect our seeds, we have to do more to bring in Australian farmers, landowners and other land caretakers. You can’t just rely on protected areas.The land needs to be safer Race Wherever it occurs, it is most at risk.

Protected areas alone cannot save all endangered species

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Landowners are needed to protect endangered species

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