“This was a very high word in the 2021 daily data,” Merriam-Webster editor Peter Sokolovsky told The Associated Press prior to Monday’s announcement.
“It actually represents two different stories. One is the story of science, which is the amazing speed at which vaccines were developed. But there are also discussions about policy, politics, and political parties. It’s these two. It’s one word that carries a huge story, “he said.
The choice following “vax” as this year’s word from those who publish the Oxford English Dictionary. And that’s after Merriam-Webster chose “pandemic” as the top search on online sites last year.
“The pandemic was that the gun had disappeared, and now we have sequelae,” Sokolovsky said.
At Merriam-Webster, the number of searches for “vaccines” increased by 601% compared to 2020. At this time, the first US injection in New York was rapidly developed in December, with months of speculation and debate about its effectiveness. The world’s first jab occurred in the UK at the beginning of the month.
Compared to 2019, when there was little urgency or chatter about vaccines, Merriam-Webster recorded a 1,048% increase in lookups this year.
The debate over unfair distribution, mandatory vaccines, and boosters continued to be of great interest, according to Sokolovsky. Vaccine hesitation and friction against vaccine passports was similar.
The word “vaccine” was not born in a day or was due to a single pandemic.
The first known usage dates back to 1882, but fluid-related references from the cowpox pustules used for inoculation previously popped up, Sokolowski said.
Borrowed from the new Latin “vaccina”, it dates back to the Latin feminine “vaccinus”. This means “of or from a cow”.
According to Merriam-Webster, the Latin word for cow is “vacca”, which may be similar to the Sanskrit word “vasa”.
Inoculation, on the other hand, dates back to 1714 and, in a sense, refers to the act of injecting an “inoculation”.
Earlier this year, Merriam-Webster added to the online entry for “Vaccines” to cover all topics of mRNA vaccines, or messenger vaccines such as Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna developed by COVID-19.
While other dictionary companies choose words for the year by the Commission, Merriam-Webster chooses based on lookup data and is meticulous about spikes and, more recently, year-over-year increases in searches after removing evergreens. I am paying attention to.
The company has been proclaiming this year’s words since 2008.
Among the runner-ups of the word biography in 2021.
Rebellion: Interest was triggered by the deadly siege of the US Capitol on January 6. Arrests continue, as did Congress’s hearing on attacks by supporters of President Donald Trump.
Some of Trump’s allies, including Steve Bannon, resisted the subpoena.
According to Sokolowksi, the number of searches for this word has increased by 61,000% compared to 2020.
Infrastructure: President Joe Biden was able to realize what Trump often said, but never achieved it. A bipartisan infrastructure bill has been signed.
When Biden proposed support for broadband access, elderly care and preschool education, Sokolovsky said conversations changed from “figurative infrastructure” as well as roads and bridges.
“If many people aren’t made of steel or concrete, what is infrastructure? In Latin, infrastructure means under a structure,” he said.
Patience: It’s the name of NASA’s latest Mars rover. It landed on February 18, 2021.
“Perseverance is the most sophisticated rover NASA has ever sent to Red Planet, a name that embodies NASA’s passion and our ability to tackle and overcome challenges,” said Space. The agency states.
The name was invented by Alexander Mother, a 14-year-old 7th grade student at Lake Braddock Secondary School in Burke, Virginia.
He participated in an essay contest hosted by NASA.
He was one of the 28,000 kindergarten to high school students who submitted their entries.
NOMAD: This word came to that moment when the movie “Nomadland” was released in 2020.
Then, in April 2021, he received three Oscars, including the Best Picture Award, director (Chloe Zhao), and actress (Frances McDormand).
Zhao became the first female of color to win the Best Director Award.
AP filmmaker Jake Coil called the success of the indies “a frank meditation on loneliness, sadness, and gravel.”
He wrote that it “chorded in a pandemic and devastated year. It became an unlikely Oscar champion: a movie about people drawn to the edge became the central stage.”
Other words in the top 10 of Merriam-Webster: Cicada (there was an intrusion), guardian (Cleveland Indians became Cleveland Guardians), meta (the lofty new name of Facebook’s parent company), cisgender (corresponding to your gender) Gender identity) Assigned at birth), awakened (accused of politics and political correctness) and Muraya (2021 Scrips National Spelling Bee for tropical trees and 14-year-old Zyra Avantgarde) Words acquired).
Copyright © 2021 AP communication. all rights reserved.
Merriam-Webster Selects Vaccine for 2021 Word of the Year
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