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Peace brought more deforestation in Colombia

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The consequences of peace and armed conflict against deforestation vary from place to place, Environmental science frontier.. Using Colombia as a case study, this study shows one of the most comprehensive studies to date comparing forest loss during periods of peace and conflict with drivers such as coca cultivation and livestock industry. increase. These insights help make conservation efforts more effective by taking into account land use, politics and socioeconomics at the local level.


“There are other studies showing the subsequent increase in pressure on the forest. Peace accordHowever, our results show that it is very difficult to generalize deforestation in the context of conflict, “said Ludwig Maximilian, co-author of the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) in Colombia. Raphael Ganzenmüller, a PhD student, said. Munich, Germany.

“It’s very important to look at the locals and see the history and actors, as there are different drivers with different effects on a local scale.”

Half a century conflict

Conserving Colombia’s tropical forests is important for both the climate and the country’s rich biodiversity. However, the half-century internal conflict (1964-2016) has a complex conservation plan. Past studies have shown that periods of peace often correlate with increased deforestation, but the specific impetus and implications are not well understood.

Following the latest peace agreement, this study combined regional datasets from 2001 to 2018, deforestation, conflict cases, refugees, municipal size, coca crops, relationships between cattle and ranch numbers. Was modeled.

“It’s very difficult to cover all the variables that may be driving the dynamics of various deforestation,” explained co-author Janelle M. Sylvester. “The approach we have taken uses the best data available, and we hope that this study can provide important insights into the design of proposals that help curb. deforestation.. “

Coca farms and cattle ranches boost deforestation

National results confirm a strong trend in more directions Forest loss After the peace agreement, mainly due to the increase in the number of coca farms and cattle. However, the impact and the main causes vary greatly depending on the region or region of the municipality. For example, cattle were the main predictor in the Amazon, but coca cultivation was more predominant in the Andes.

Obtaining historical data at the small regional level is one of the biggest challenges in this study, and the authors will continue to consider more detailed levels in the future.

“We can conclude that there is more than one perfect solution that can be generalized across Colombia,” said the corresponding author, Dr. Augusto Castronunes.

“We need to get a complete picture of the actual dynamics, then analyze it and investigate the farmers to understand the motivations of the area to confirm that this is actually happening in the field. Next, we need to provide policies and incentives to farmers and affected people, which take into account their livelihoods and conservation. ”


Coca and Conflict: Factors Promoting Deforestation in Colombia


For more information:
What Does Peace Mean for Deforestation: An Analysis of the Dynamics of Deforestation in the Region in the Age of Conflict and Peace in Colombia, Environmental science frontier (2022). DOI: 10.3389 / fenvs.2022.803368

Quote: Peace has caused more deforestation in Colombia (21 February 2022) https://phys.org/news/2022-02-peace-deforestation-colombia.html to 21 February 2022 I got

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Peace brought more deforestation in Colombia

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