Hanging in the middle of an ancient oak tree, looking into a small dark hole in its huge trunk, Filipesal Bunny barely can contain himself.
“Wow — Queen’s Spawning!” The 55-year-old shouts, hanging about 15 meters (a little less than 50 feet) above the rope-and-harnessed Brenham Estate grounds.
“This is a real classroom. It’s great. It’s incredible!”
South African conservationists have spent most of the last 18 months searching for urticaria in the ancient woodlands of the Estate near Oxford in south-central England.
His unlimited enthusiasm stems from his belief that these are not ordinary bees.
He identified them as a rare ecotype (a different form of species occupying a particular habitat) of centuries-old pedigree in the self-sufficient corner of the Oxfordshire countryside.
DNA testing is currently underway to confirm the findings, but potential discoveries of so-called wild offspring Native bees I have Brenham and I am full of excitement.
Such populations were thought to have almost disappeared due to illness, pesticides and competition from foreign imports.
Salvani believes that their survival has global significance.
“If we can do this in more ancient forests, different countries, if we can find local bee variants … we can learn more about the environment and improve our agricultural system,” he said. Told AFP from the perch of the tree.
“Examine the surviving species in Romania, Bulgaria, France, chemicals, pesticides, Human intervention..
“We can stop mixing all different strains of bees and reduce die-offs. Once we start reducing die-offs, we can keep popular pollination at good levels.”
Bees are an integral part of the natural environment and pollinate most of the food we eat.
However, Salvany claims that controlled bee populations are over-colonized to meet human consumption needs.
He says this has had a negative impact on the environment, from stressing bees to overcoming other insects.
“The bees have established themselves as heroes … but we have commercialized something that shouldn’t be commercialized,” he said.
On the other hand, indigenous honeybee populations are under threat all over the world.
In the UK, where most bees are found in controlled hives, it is estimated that one-third of the wild population has disappeared in recent decades, especially thinned out by honeybees.
The Brenham bees appear to be unaffected by this, and Salvany suspects that it has evolved to live with parasites, among other adaptations.
Home to a World Heritage palace and centuries-old heritage, Blenheim boasts Europe’s largest collection of ancient oak trees in thousands of acres (hectares) of almost pristine woodlands.
The vast land is generally off limits, and there is no on-site agricultural production using controlled urticaria or pesticides, providing an optimal environment for ecotypes.
Salvani, a physiologist and former international cyclist who teaches elite athletes when not hunting bees, began his research there with minimal expectations.
Surprisingly, he now counts nearly 50 hives in the trees and estimates that there could be as many as 500 birdhouses in the Brenham woodlands, surviving significantly during the winter.
“That’s well above my expectations,” he said during a recent tour of the forest. And it includes oaks up to 600 years and beehives that may date back to the second century.
“Unfortunately, there aren’t many other places like this.”
According to Salvani, Blenheim bees are smaller, furry, dark and pristine than what is normally found in controlled British urticaria.
“It’s a pesticide, a chemical, a stress-free bee that survives,” he explained.
“It survived for a long time in its native environment-that’s important.”
Nick Bainbridge, head of forestry at Brenham, said it was a big surprise to find that the bees, which he had barely noticed when working there for 30 years, were special.
“We didn’t pay too much attention until Filipe came and emphasized the fact that this is very unique,” he added.
Baimbridge said his team will continue to prosper the ecosystem independently.
“They have obviously been here for decades, so it’s better to keep doing what we’ve been doing.”
Salvany is waiting for the results of a DNA sample to confirm the exact lineage of Brenham BeesHowever, reports of his findings are already intriguing.
Rob Stoneman of the Wildlife Trusts charity called this discovery “notable.”
“It shows the value and complexity of our ancient forests and the need to permanently protect these unique habitats,” he told AFP.
Stoneman cites the Trust’s campaign to protect and connect at least 30% of Britain’s land and sea for nature by 2030, strengthening the importance of creating more wild places. Said.
“If we could do that, such a discovery would be a matter of course. It’s a gift for future generations.”
© 2021 AFP
Quote: The discovery of a rare wild bee was taken from https://phys.org/news/2021-11-rare-wild-bees-english-country.html on November 25, 2021 in the UK Country Estate. Has a bustle (November 25, 2021)
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