Some people cannot form a spiritual image

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How many times have you been disappointed in a scene that wasn’t what you imagined when you saw a movie or book on TV? Or did the character look like you had imagined?

Most people can understand the image in their minds when asked to form an image of someone they know well. In other words, it’s a visual and spiritual experience, similar to what you would see if the person was in front of us.

However, it turns out that this is not the case for everyone. Some people report when asked to create an image. I can’t “see” anythingThis recently identified change in human experience is Named in 2015 As Aphantasia.It is estimated to be 2% to 5% of the population It is impossible to generate an image with the eyes of the mind for a lifetime.

But if you can’t really see it in your head, how do you remember the details of the object or event? This is the problem my colleague and I tried to investigate. One of our recent studies..

Studying Aphantasia

I evaluated the visual Memory Performance between individuals with Aphantasia compared to people with a typical image.

In this study, participants were asked to show three images of the living room, kitchen, and bedroom, each of which was drawn from memory. Their drawings were objectively reviewed by more than 2,700 online scorers who evaluated object details (object appearance) and spatial details (object size and position).

We expected that Aphantasians would have difficulty drawing images from their memory because they could not recall these images with their own eyes.

Our findings show that the Aphantasian people draw objects of the correct size and position, but they have less visual details such as colors and objects compared to typical imagers. The number of is also decreasing.

Aphantasia Description: Some people are unable to form a spiritual image

Examples of drawings from experiments.Credits: Zoe Pounder, authored

Some Aphantasia participants realized what the object was by writing the words “bed” and “chair” instead of drawing the object. This suggests that Aphantasians may be using alternative strategies such as linguistic expression rather than visual memory.These differences object The details of the space were not due to differences in artistic ability or drawing effort.

Our results suggest that Aphantasians have a complete spatial imagery ability, the ability to correlate the size, position, and position of objects. This finding is reinforced by another study investigating how people with Aphantasia behave in many image-related memory tasks.

We found people who lacked the ability to generate Visual image These tasks were performed in the same way as people with a typical image. We also found performance similarities within the classic mental rotation image task. In this task, people look at shapes to see if they are the same shape or different shapes.

This performance suggests that you don’t have to “see” with your own eyes to perform these tasks. On the other hand, some Aphantasians tend to report difficulty in face recognition, and some types of memory are also reported to be highly dependent on autobiographical memory (memory of life events). .. Visual image.

Life with Aphantasia

Aphantasians also describe other variations of their experience. Not everyone in Aphantasia is completely lacking in the image experience in all senses. Some people may be able to hear the song in their hearts, but not imagine the visual image associated with it.

Similarly, research has shown that some Aphantasians report experiencing visual images in their dreams, even though they are unable to generate on-demand visual images. I have. Others say that their dreams are non-visual and consist of conceptual or emotional content.

These fascinating variations show some of the invisible differences that exist between us. Many Aphantasians may not be aware that they are experiencing a different world, but they do know that they are living a fulfilling and professional life. In fact, Aphantasians have been shown to work within the following ranges: Both science and creative industries..

For many, visual images are inherent in the process of how they think, remember past events, and plan the future, that is, engage and experience without active attempt.The reason for that is still unknown image The rationale for the existence or underlying variation. However, as Aphantasia shows, many of our spiritual experiences are not universally experienced. In fact, there are many unknown but interesting variations among us.

Brain connections mean that some people lack a visual image

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Some people cannot form a spiritual image

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