More than a quarter of US jobs are guaranteed paid sick leave, thanks to state legislation enacted over the last decade, according to a new study by researchers at the NYU Faculty of Global Public Health. As of 2020, 12 states have passed legislation requiring employers to provide sick leave.
But the number of unpaid states is increasing Sick leave The law prohibits local governments from creating their own sick leave regulations, exacerbating inequality given the lack of universal health insurance by employers.
Giving paid leave to sick employees helps workers seek medical care, recover faster from their illness, and even reduce their risk of death. Paid sick leave also benefits employers. When an illness occurs, people can stay at home because the spread of infections at work is limited.
“The COVID-19 Pandemic emphasized the significant need for access to paid sick leave for workers, their families and employers,” said an assistant professor of public health policy and management at NYU School of Global Public Health. The lead author, Jennifer Pomeranz, said.Of the research published in American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
The United States is one of the few high-income countries funded by either employers or states and has no national law to guarantee paid sick leave. Most US workers rely on their employers for paid sick leave. 77 percent Of the private labor force 92% of Civil servant It is covered like this. However, paid sick leave is uneven across the industry, 59 percent Percentage of workers in the target service industry. Industries such as food, hospitality, and retail rarely offer paid sick leave, and many workers are vulnerable to wage losses or forced to work when they are ill.
To fill this gap, some local governments and state governments have enacted paid leave legislation, starting with San Francisco in 2007 and Connecticut in 2011. Sick leave — a practice called preemption.Preemption occurs at higher levels government Removes or limits lower-level government authority to address specific issues.
“Preemption can be used by governments to achieve policy-making consistency across a particular state, but when used without a substantive state-level policy, it creates a regulatory gap.” Pomeranz said.
“We see states increasingly limiting the power of local governments by passing legislation that overturns local regulations on public health issues such as firearms, tobacco, nutrition, and now sick leave.” Added Diana Silver, a public associate professor. She is a co-author of Health Policy, Management and Research at NYU Faculty of Global Public Health.
In this study, researchers investigated state sick leave and state laws that anticipate paid sick leave across the United States from 2009 to 2020, and found significant increases in both.
As of 2020, a total of 12 states are paying sick leave (up from zero in 2009). Using data from the US Department of Economic Analysis and the US Census, researchers estimated that as of 2019, 27.6% of US jobs would be subject to the paid leave laws required by these states.
However, the law is different in states that require paid sick leave. All are for private employers and require the care of children and spouses, but some laws exempt small or public employers and certain occupations (such as manufacturing and agricultural workers). Excludes and does not target additional families.
“Excluding low-wage workers, many of whom are engaged in jobs that increase the risk of illness, such as COVID-19, and are inaccessible. EmployerBase coverage — only worse from paid sick leave protection health Disparity. ” José Pagan, chair and professor of public health policy management at NYU School of Global Public Health and co-author of the study, said.
Surprisingly, researchers have 18 states as of 2020. Without it A law requiring employers to provide paid leave transit legislation in order to anticipate local governments from passing their own paid illness policies (increased from one state preemptive legislation in 2009).
“There are other states that are blocking Local government “Because it enacts paid sick leave legislation without state-wide measures to guarantee paid sick leave than in states with paid sick leave protection,” Pomeranz said. I have no choice but to work when I am ill. ”
Jennifer L. Pomeranz et al, State Paid Sick Leave and Paid Sick-Leave Preemption Laws Across 50 US States, 2009–2020, American Journal of Preventive Medicine (2022). DOI: 10.1016 / j.amepre.2021.11.018
New York University
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States are increasingly demanding that employers provide paid sick leave, but more states are blocking local paid sick leave policies.
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