Studies show that most unemployed young men have a criminal record

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More than half of unemployed American men in their thirties have been arrested or convicted of crime, according to a new RAND Corporation investigation.

By the age of 35 Unemployed Arrested and 46% convicted of crime, the percentage varies slightly by race and ethnicity.

Researchers say findings published by the journal Science AdvancesEmployment services suggest that more focus should be placed on the special challenges faced by unemployed people with criminal records.

“Employers need to understand that one of the major reasons why they can’t find the workers they need is to exclude workers who have been involved in the criminal justice system,” the study said. Shawn Bushway, lead author and senior policy researcher at RAND, said. A non-profit research institute. “Employers need to rethink the protocol on what to do if the applicant has some criminal record.”

Although there are many studies recording the unemployment of imprisoned people, the RAND study is the first to estimate the incidence of criminal records in unemployed American men.

It is estimated that one in three American adults was arrested at some point in their lives. This is the product of aggressive US law enforcement practices over the last few decades.

Men are more likely to have criminal records than females, making it more difficult to secure employment. In addition, the disproportionately high percentage of black criminal justice involvement and continued racism and discrimination can make it particularly difficult for black job seekers to secure employment.

RAND researchers use information from the National Youth Longitudinal Survey (1997), which tracks a nationally representative American group throughout their lives, to estimate the number of unemployed young men with a criminal history. did. Researchers examined responses from a group of approximately 9,000 participants, first recruited in 1997 and born between 1980 and 1984.

This study investigated men’s involvement in the criminal justice system up to 2017.

In this study, unemployment is defined as being unemployed for more than four weeks in the past year. Researchers investigated arrests, convictions (including guilty plea) and imprisonment that occurred after the age of 18, except for traffic-related crimes.

The study found that men aged 30-38 who were unemployed in 2017 were significantly involved in the criminal justice system. The majority were arrested at least once, nearly 40% were convicted at least once, and more than 20% were imprisoned at least once. The results were very similar when researchers included recently discouraged workers and those who worked less than they wanted.

Among those surveyed, the arrest rate for all black men (both employed and unemployed) is about 33% higher than for white men of all ages between the ages of 18 and 35. There is evidence that the gap widens further between the thirties. Hispanic men, although not statistically significant, generally have a higher rate of arrest, conviction, and imprisonment than white men.

However, when considering only men who are experiencing unemployment, the study found that unemployed black, Hispanic, and white men were in similar proportions. Criminal justice system Throughout most of the life cycle investigated.

Researchers say the main lesson from the study is that unemployment services need to do more to help people deal with their criminal record.

“many Government program “We will focus on providing new skills to the unemployed to secure a workforce,” said Bushway, a professor at the State University of New York at Albany. Most of the problems. The unemployment system rarely sees its role. Criminal record It helps keep people away from the workforce. “

Researchers say that efforts to prevent employers from asking about criminal records regarding job seekers (the so-called “Ban the Box” law) are unlikely to have a significant impact on helping unemployed people with criminal records.

Employers have easy access to the applicant’s criminal record via a commercial database, and even if questions are left behind in the job search, these records are part of a background check conducted before a new employee is hired. Check regularly.

Researchers say employers need to rethink how they see the risks posed by a criminal record applicant. A new sophisticated predictive model that seeks to understand the risk of recidivism for job seekers can be of great help in demonstrating the true relative risk of job seekers with a criminal record.

“Most employers believe that most people with a criminal record will commit the crime again,” Bushway said. “But that’s not the case, and as people are free to spend more time in the community without new beliefs, the risk of recidivism drops dramatically. Employers have a more subtle approach to this problem. Must be adopted. ”

How Even a casual brush with the law can permanently hurt the life of a young man-especially if he is black

For more information:
Sean Bushway, banned from employment: More than half of the unemployed in their thirties had a criminal record of arrest. Science Advances (2022). DOI: 10.1126 / sciadv.abj6992..

Provided by
Rand Corporation

Quote: According to a survey, most unemployed young men have a criminal record taken from https: // on February 18, 2022. Have (February 18, 2022)

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Studies show that most unemployed young men have a criminal record

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