Studies show the effects of family separation

A new study from the State University of New York at Binghamton University shows the separation of human trauma and family as a result of the Trump administration’s zero-tolerance policy against illegal immigrants.

Is News report The environment surrounding the Trump administration’s “zero tolerance” policy against illegal immigrants was harsh. Children were separated from their parents and may not see them again.

Needless to say, bureaucrats Zero tolerance policy However, since July 2017, at least 5,512 children have been separated from their families, and 1,142 families have been separated even after the policy was officially terminated.

Associate Professor of Human Development Oscar F. Gil Garcia, along with four Binghamton students, wrote in “‘I felt like my son was dead’: the trauma of zero tolerance and family separation” in these tragic statistics. I attached a human face.journal Latino researchThis article documents the impact of immigration policy on families in Central America who separated from their son David, a minor and US citizen in 2017.

As the Biden administration begins a family reunion, the case of David and his family also belongs to the Latin Caribbean Area Studies (LACAS), providing an opportunity to understand the long-term harm caused by family separation. Said Gil Garcia.

“U.S. and Mexico’s immigration policies are really damaging the immigrant population. They portray the immigrant population as a criminal, not a human, and unsuitable,” co-authors Britain and Political Science said. “We have found that this creates a violation of human rights, which has a real impact on people throughout their lives, and that impact lasts,” said Sara Venner ’22, a dual major.

Vener spent three years as a research assistant under Gil-García investigating the impact of US and Mexican immigration policies on Maya indigenous refugees. Co-authors also include Franceska Bovet ’21, who recently graduated with a master’s degree in public administration. Psychology Major Luz Velazquez ’21; and Sociology, Human Development and LACAS Triple Major Alexandra Miranda ’22.

The interview with David came from a larger project Gil-García has been working on since around 2012 on members of the Maya community in Chiapas, Mexico. Gil-García works with these stateless people, Legal status In Mexico; David’s parents, Evelyn and Carlos, were among them.

The two fled Guatemala in 1985 and fled the civil war. Due to lack of legal status and employment opportunities in Mexico, they crossed the border and worked at a sweatshop in Alabama. David was born in the United States in 2003 and became a US citizen.

He was separated from his father when he was only four years old. When he and his mother returned to Mexico, they were worried about increased deportation. Carlos joined them two years later. At the age of 14, David became interested in returning to the United States for education. His father joined him, believing that his son’s US citizenship could accompany him. It turned out that was not the case.

The two were immediately separated by an immigration inspector. Carlos was deported to Mexico in February 2018 after two months of detention. David was put into Arizona’s foster care system, but neither knew where he was for months.

Frantic, Carlos, and Evelyn, with the help of Gil-Garcia, tracked their son and were admitted to three different foster care facilities. He didn’t speak English and sometimes couldn’t communicate in group homes, so he had a hard time eating and sleeping. Gil Garcia worked with David’s family to expedite his release. Just as the coronavirus began to spread, David was finally able to leave the foster care system and live with his family in California.

David’s story may seem peculiarly miserable, but researchers emphasize that he is not alone. More than 5.9 million US citizens have at least one unregistered parent and live with the fear of family separation at all times.

Such separation has long-term health effects on both the child and his family, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, depression, and other conditions that may shorten life expectancy. Gives. Researchers point out that family separation fits the definition of enforced disappearances, which is considered a crime under international law, and also fits the UN definition of torture.

Despite all the pain they bring, zero-tolerance policies have little effect in deterring migration. In fact, Gil-García points out that they have the opposite effect.

“This kind of separation has actually created new forms of migration, forcing these people to relocate,” he said.

Gil-García and his research team are working on other projects on David and his family-like experience. Conceptualize a heuristic model for practitioners who want to help unaccompanied minors cope with trauma. family Separation.

The majority of national surveys on the separation of immigrant families at the US-Mexico border

For more information:
<0xC3><0xC3>scar F. Gil-García et al, “I felt like my son was dead”: The trauma of zero tolerance and family separation, Latino research (2021). DOI: 10.1057 / s41276-021-00314-7

Quote: Orphans and asylum seekers: According to a survey, family separation (June 8, 2021) was on June 8, 2021 Shows the impact obtained from family.html.

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Studies show the effects of family separation

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