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Sugar drink consumption plummets in Chile after new food law

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A new study by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the University of Chile, and the National Institute of Public Health in Mexico found that Chile’s health food policy package succeeded in reducing unhealthy food and drink purchases in the early stages of implementation. Did. ..

Was announced in Lancet Planetary HealthThe study found that consumption of sugar-rich beverages and foods high in sodium and saturated fat was reduced.This study highlights the potential of heath food Policies that have a significant impact on public health in the short term.

“This is a big deal,” said co-author Lindsey Smithary, an assistant professor of nutrition at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings Global Public Health School. “This is the first law of its kind in the world, and this study shows its impact on total food supply. Several countries have followed it since Chile enforced the law, including India. Half a dozen more from all over the world are at the forefront of implementing similar policies. “

In June 2016, the Chilean government enforced food labeling and advertising legislation.Evidence-based food policy packaging includes a mandatory package front warning label Unhealthy food And beverages, marketing restrictions on these foods and beverages for children, and a ban on the sale of unhealthy foods and beverages in schools.

Chile enforced the law in three stages from 2016 to 2019. The law incorporates increasingly stringent nutrient cutoffs to determine which foods and beverages require warning labels. A new study assesses changes in the purchase of foods and beverages high in calories, sugar, sodium and saturated fat after the implementation of Phase 1.

Researchers analyzed food and beverage purchase data from more than 2,300 Chilean households from January 2015 to December 2017. This first phase of the policy included the least restrictive nutrient cutoffs. Food and beverage products were classified as “high-in” if they had added sugar, sodium, or saturated fat and exceeded the Phase 1 nutrient or calorie threshold. All of these high quality products were subject to labeling, marketing, and school sales regulations.

We used food and beverage purchase data to analyze per capita calorie, sugar, saturated fat, and sodium purchases before and after Phase 1.

After the implementation, the purchase of unhealthy “high-concentration” foods and beverages decreased, resulting in a significant decrease in the purchase of calories, sugar, saturated fats and sodium.

From these labeled foods and beverages, calories purchased decreased by 24% (49 kcal) per person per day, sugar purchased decreased by 27% (21 kcal) per person per day, and saturated purchased. Fat was reduced by 16% (6 kcal) per person. Sodium purchased per day decreased by 37% (97 mg) per person per day.

These declines were also seen when looking at all food and beverage purchases, despite increased purchases of products without warning labels.

From all foods and beverages, calories purchased are reduced by 4% (16 kcal) per person per day, sugar purchased is reduced by 10% (12 kcal) per person per day, and saturated fat is reduced by 4% per person per day. It decreased by% (2 kcal). Sodium decreased by 5% (28 mg) per person per day.

Researchers have pointed out that the purchase of industrialized fruit and vegetable juices has declined particularly significantly. Dairy-based beverages and alternatives. Seasonings and sauces; meat, chicken, meat substitutes. Breakfast cereal; And sweets and non-grain-based desserts.

Given the success of Phase 1 of Chile’s Law, the tighter nutrient thresholds in Phase 2 and Phase 3 may have had even greater impact, but researchers have not yet studied these phases. Hmm.

“To date, Brazil, Israel, Mexico and Peru have already enacted similar’high-in’warning labels, and at least five other major countries in Africa and Asia are considering using such warning labels. “The study’s co-author, Barry Popkin, said. A prominent professor of nutrition at WR Kenan Junior UNC Gillings School. “Warning labels are the only packaging front labels that have a significant impact on the purchase of these” high-in “beverages and foods that make up our most unhealthy packaging products. purchase today. ”


The study measures the effectiveness of soft drink taxation, advertising and labeling methods


Quote: After the new Food Act (August 12, 2021) obtained August 12, 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-08-sugary-consumption-plunges-chile-food.html Sugary beverage consumption plummets in Chile

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Sugar drink consumption plummets in Chile after new food law

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