What are British people, according to a new study showing that the epidemic of pointed shoes led to a sharp increase in the valgus mother of the big toe in the late Middle Ages—often referred to as the valgus mother? I’ve been struggling with fashion for centuries.
Researchers investigating the bodies of Cambridge, England, have found that people buried in the center of town, especially in plots for wealthy citizens and clergy, are far more likely to have a valgus mother had. I found it expensive. ..
A team at the University of Cambridge also found that older medieval people with valgus mothers were significantly more likely to suffer from valgus mother with. Fractured bone This is because they are more likely to fall than children of the same age who have normal feet.
The valgus mother is a mild malformation in which the largest toes are angled outwards and bone protrusions form at the medial groin of the foot.
Factors ranging from heredity to muscle imbalance are prone to valgus mothers, but the most common modern causes are contractile boots and shoes.Condition is often associated with wearing High heels..
Archaeologists have analyzed 177 skeletons from graveyards in and around Cambridge, and only 6% of individuals buried between the 11th and 13th centuries had evidence of distress. I understand. However, 27% of them, dating back to the 14th and 15th centuries, were hampered by long-standing valgus mothers.
Researchers have pointed out that the style of shoes has changed significantly. 14th century: From a functional rounded toe box to a longer and more elegant pointed tip.
In a treatise published today in International Paleopathology JournalThe team at the University of Cambridge After the Plague project claims that these “Purein” shoes brought about the rise of valgus mothers in medieval Britain.
“In the 14th century, a wide variety of new styles of dresses and footwear appeared in a variety of fabrics and colors. Fashion trends It was a pointed toe shoe called Pourin, “said Dr. Pears Mitchell, co-author of the study, in the Department of Archeology, Cambridge.
“By the late 14th century, shoe debris excavated in places like London and Cambridge had almost all types of shoes. shoes At least slightly sharp-it was a style common to both adults and children. “
“Investigating the changes that took place between the late Middle Ages and the Middle Ages, we found that the increase in valgus halls over time must have been due to the introduction of these new footwear styles,” Mitchell said. Told.
Dr. Jenna Dittmar, the lead author of the study at the University of Cambridge, said, “I think valgus mothers are a modern problem, but this study is a general one that actually affected medieval adults. Indicates that it is one of the conditions. “
The bodies were brought from four separate locations around Cambridge. Charity Hospital (now part of St. John’s College). The site of the former Augustine Monastery, where priests and wealthy patrons were buried. A local parish graveyard on the edge of the town. A rural burial ground near a village 6 km south of Cambridge.
The researchers performed a “paleontological evaluation,” such as examining the bones of the foot for the bulge of the big toe, which is characteristic of the valgus mother.
They found a sliding scale of valgus mother prevalence associated with the wealth of people buried at each site. The signs were seen in only 3% of the rural graveyards, 10% of the parish graveyards (which mainly housed the working poor), and up to 23% of the graveyards on the hospital grounds.
However, nearly half (about 43%) of those buried in the monastery, including five of the 11 individuals identified as priests on the belt buckle, had the valgus mother the mark. ..
“The dressing rules of Augustine’s monks included footwear that was” black and strapped to the ankles “to suit the lifestyle of worship and poverty,” Mitchell said.
However, in the 13th and 14th centuries, it became more and more common for British clergy to wear stylish clothes.
In 1215, the church banned clerics from wearing pointed-toed shoes. In 1281 and 1342, more legislation on clerical clothing ill-advised had to be passed. It is possible that the trend could hardly be suppressed.
“As seen in the description of Chaucer’s monks in The Canterbury Tales, the adoption of fashionable clothing by clergy was very common and spurred criticism in contemporary literature,” said Mitchell. ..
In late medieval society as a whole, the pointed shoes became so extreme that in 1463 King Edward IV passed a law in London limiting the length of the toes to less than 2 inches.
At all sites and times surveyed, the majority of bodies with signs of valgus mother of illness were male (20 of 31 valgus mother patients). The study also suggests that the health costs of foot fashion were not limited to valgus mothers.
Dr. Jenna Dittmar found that skeletal bodies with valgus mother val with are more likely to show signs of fractures, usually due to falls.
This association turned out to be important only among those who died over the age of 45. This suggests that young fashion choices have returned to annoy middle-aged people, even in the Middle Ages.
“The latest clinical studies of valgus mothers have shown that deformity makes it harder to balance and increases the risk of falls in the elderly,” said Dittmer. “This explains the large number of healed fractures found in the medieval skeleton of this condition.”
International Paleopathology Journal, DOI: 10.1016 / j.ijpp.2021.04.012
University of Cambridge
Quote: Pointe shoe fashion unleashed the bunion plague in medieval Britain (10 June 2021) 10 June 2021 https://phys.org/news/2021-06 Obtained from -fashion-pointy-unleashed-plague-bunions.html
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The fashion of pointe shoes that was popular in medieval England
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