The Last Sherlock Holmes, Other Classics to Enter the Public Domain in 2023

WASHINGTON (AP) — Sherlock Holmes will finally be released free to the American public in 2023.

of Long-running and contested copyright disputes About Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s Whip Clever Detective Story Enola Holmes — The 1927 copyright, which expires January 1st, contains Conan Doyle’s last Sherlock Holmes work, so it will eventually end.

In addition to the collection of short stories “The Case Files of Sherlock Holmes”, Virginia Woolf’s “To the lighthouse” Ernest Hemingway’s “Men Without Women” William Faulkner’s “Mosquito” Agatha Christie’s “Big Four”— Hercule Poirot Mystery — When the calendar hits the year 2023, it will be in the public domain.

Once a work is in the public domain, it can be legally shared, performed, reused, repurposed and sampled without permission or cost. Works after 1927 were originally supposed to be copyrighted for 75 years, but the Copyright Term Extension Act of 1998 delayed publication for an additional 20 years.

Many of the notable works on the list used the extra 20 years to make substantial profits for their copyright holders, but Duke University experts say that copyright protection is a “commercial practice.” It also applies to all works whose potential has long declined.

“For the vast majority (perhaps 99%) of the works after 1927, the copyright holder did not profit financially from continuing the copyright. Yet they remained off limits for no good reason. It was,” says Jennifer Jenkins, director of the Center for Public Domain Research at Duke University. wrote in a blog post Announcing “Public Domain Day 2023”.

That long US copyright term meant many works now available long lost, They weren’t profitable for their rightful owners to keep, but they couldn’t be used by anyone else. It includes “lost” movies such as Browning’s “London After Midnight.”

1927 marked the end of the silent film era with the release of the first “talkies” (films with spoken dialogue).That is “Jazz Singer” The first ever feature film with synchronized dialogue infamous for al jolson blackface performance.

In addition to films directed by Alan Crosland, with other films like Wings directed by William A. Wellman Received “Excellent Work Award” At the First Oscar — and Fritz Lang’s Influential Science Fiction Classic “Metropolis” enter the public domain.

The list includes musical works (music and lyrics found in sheet music, not on recordings), including hits from Broadway musicals. like a “strange face” jazz standards from the likes of legends such as Louis Armstrong When Duke Ellington In addition to Irving Berlin ‘Puttin’ on the Ritz’ and ‘(I Scream You Scream, We All Scream for) Ice Cream’ by Howard Johnson, Billy Mohr and Robert A. King.

Dukes Center for the Public Domain Notable books, movies, and musical works have entered the public domain, but these are just a few of the thousands slated for release in 2023.


— The Gangs of New York, by Herbert Asbury (original)

— Death Comes to the Archbishop, by Willa Cather

— The Big Four by Agatha Christie

— “The Tower Treasure”, the first Hardy Boys mystery by the pseudonym Franklin W. Dixon

— The Case Files of Sherlock Holmes, by Arthur Conan Doyle

— “Copper Sun” by County Cullen

— “Mosquito” by William Faulkner

— “Men Without Women” by Ernest Hemingway

— Steppenwolf by Hermann Hesse (German)

— “America” ​​by Franz Kafka (German)

— “Now we are six” AA Milne Illustrated by EH Shepherd

— “Le Temps retrouvé” by Marcel Proust (French)

— Twilight Sleep by Edith Wharton

— Thornton Wilder, The Bridges of San Luis Rey

— To the Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf


— Seventh Heaven, directed by Frank Borsage

— “The Battle of the Century,” a Laurel and Hardy film directed by Clyde Bruckman

— “The Kid Brother,” directed by Ted Wilde

— The Jazz Singer, directed by Alan Crosland

— The Lodger: A Tale of the London Mist, directed by Alfred Hitchcock

— Metropolis, directed by Fritz Lang

— Sunrise, directed by FW Murnau

— Upstream, directed by John Ford

— Wings, directed by William A. Wellman


— “Back Water Blues”, “Preaching the Blues”, “Stupid Man’s Blues” (Bessie Smith)

— “The Best Things in Life Are Free” from the musical “Good News” (George Guard “Buddy” de Silva, Lou Brown, Ray Henderson)

— “Billy Goat Stomp”, “Hyena Stomp”, “Jungle Blues” (Ferdinand Joseph Morton)

— “Black and Tan Fantasy” and “East St. Louis Toodle-O” (Bab Miley, Duke Ellington)

— “Can’t Help Lovin’ Dut Man” and “All Man River” from the musical Show Boat (Oscar Hammerstein II, Jerome Kern)

— “Diane” (Erno Rapy, Liu Pollack)

— ‘Funny Face’ and ”S Wonderful’ from the musical ‘Funny Face’ (Ira & George Gershwin)

— “(I Scream You Scream, We All Scream for) Ice Cream” (Howard Johnson, Billy Maul, Robert A. King)

— “Mississippi Mud” (Harry Barris, James Kavanaugh)

— “My Blue Heaven” (George Whiting, Walter Donaldson)

— “Potato Head Blues” and Gully Lowe Blues” (Louis Armstrong)

— “Puttin’ on the Ritz” (Irving Berlin)

— “Rusty Pail Blues”, “Sloppy Water Blues”, “Sothin’ Syrup Stomp” (Thomas Waller) The Last Sherlock Holmes, Other Classics to Enter the Public Domain in 2023

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