Varicose veins are swollen, twisted, and knotted veins that protrude from the skin’s surface. They happen when your veins dilate due to an accumulation of blood caused by venous insufficiency, a chronic illness. Leg heaviness, frequent cramps, muscle pains, throbbing veins, and restless legs are some of the symptoms of varicose veins.
However, there’s no need to be concerned. Venous insufficiency affects roughly 30% of all adults and around 50% of all women in various forms. Furthermore, at least 20% of the population suffers from varicose veins at some time in their lives. Therefore, a variety of minimally invasive and non-surgical vein therapy treatments can be used to treat it.
What Causes Varicose Veins?
Although the specific cause of varicose veins is unknown, a hereditary predisposition to poor vein valves plays a significant influence. Hormones also have a role, as evidenced by the higher prevalence in women. The use of estrogen, progesterone, birth control pills, puberty, pregnancy (pregnant women are especially vulnerable), and menopause can damage vein valves and alter leg circulation.
Veins might bulge during pregnancy as the mother circulates more blood for herself and her fetus. Sitting on the top of the thighs with a full uterus does not help blood return to the heart (varicose veins that pop up during pregnancy usually deflate in three months, although new pregnancies can bring them on again, sometimes to stay).
Leg veins can also bulge as a result of aging, obesity, and prolonged standing.
How Are Varicose Veins Diagnosed?
The physical appearance of varicose veins is used to diagnose them. In addition, a physical examination and ultrasound will determine the amount of venous insufficiency, which will help decide the best treatment option.
The majority of people will first consult a general practitioner, who will treat the condition conservatively. Next, a dermatologist, plastic surgeon, or vascular surgeon will treat venous insufficiency if it is severe enough or if the patient wants the affected veins removed.
The leg will be examined first by the healthcare provider. Varicose veins are distended veins, usually purple or blue, and have a width of 3mm or more. Even though varicose veins are visible, they are not always symptomatic. When symptoms do appear, they are almost often due to the venous reflux that causes varicose veins:
- Heaviness in the leg
- Tenderness, burning, or itching in the area around the vein
- Skin discoloration
- Leg fatigue
- Difficulty exercising
The doctor will do tests, such as lifting the leg, during the physical examination to see how well the venous valves function. In addition, guidelines call for a color duplex venous ultrasonography to assess both the superficial and deep veins in the leg when the doctor has enough evidence of venous reflux. This will aid in determining the distribution of varicose veins, the source and direction of reflux, and the deep and saphenous veins’ integrity.
What Is The Most Effective Treatment For Varicose Veins?
The only method to get rid of varicose veins for good is to consult a vein specialist. To get medical help check out this vein doctor in your area. However, if you rely on home cures, your disease will worsen over time, eventually leading to pulmonary embolism, a potentially fatal condition.
Endovenous Laser Ablation, Radiofrequency Ablation, and VenaSeal are the best and most successful therapies for varicose veins. These are non-surgical, minimally invasive procedures that take around an hour to complete. They produce little to no pain or discomfort, and there is no downtime so that you may get back to your normal routine right away.
Endovenous Laser Ablation has been turning heads in the dermatological community for the past decade. This treatment is a minimally invasive technique that is conducted under local anesthesia in the doctor’s office. The doctor places a little hollow tube into the main draining vein of the leg and seals it off with lasers while the patient is on his or her back.
Blood is forced to flow through a secondary venous system after the vein is closed, relieving pressure on the swollen, aberrant varicose veins and allowing them to shrink back to their natural, undetectable size. This treatment has a 90 percent success rate and takes around two weeks to recover.
Endovenous Laser Ablation is steadily gaining a reputation as the most efficient therapy for varicose veins due to its high success rate and short recovery period.
You have the right to participate in the planning of your care. Learn more about your varicose veins and how they can be treated. Consult your healthcare providers about treatment alternatives before deciding on the best course of action. The type of treatment you receive will determine how veins are impacted and how bad your illness is. Treatment aims to alleviate symptoms, improve appearance, and avoid further complications.