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The oldest cave painting in the world found in Indonesia

A picture of a pig at Leang Tedongnge. Maxime Aubert Credits: Maxime Aubert

Archaeologists have discovered the oldest known cave painting in the world. It’s a life-sized photo of a wild boar made in Indonesia at least 45,500 years ago.


Survey results published in the journal Science Advances On Wednesday, we will provide the earliest evidence of human settlement in the area.

Maxime Aubert, co-author of Griffith University in Australia, told AFP that it was discovered on Sulawesi Island by PhD student Basran Burhan in 2017 as part of a study conducted by the team with Indonesian authorities.

The Leang Tedongnge Cave is located in a secluded valley surrounded by steep limestone cliffs, about an hour’s walk from the nearest road.

It is only accessible during the dry season due to flooding during the rainy season. Members of the isolated Bugis community told the team that they had never been seen by Westerners.

The 136 x 54 cm (53 x 21 inch) Slawesi wart pig is painted using a dark red ocher pigment, with a short emblem of upright hair and the horns characteristic of this type of adult male. There is a wart on the face like this.

There are two bills on the back of the pig, which appear to face the other two pigs, which are only partially preserved, as part of the story scene.

Leang Tedongnge Rock art panel from left to right. Credit: AA Oktaviana

“Pigs appear to be observing the fights and social interactions between the other two warty pigs,” said co-author Adam Blum.

Humans have hunted Sulawesi’s warty pigs for tens of thousands of years, and they are an important feature of the region’s prehistoric works of art, especially during the Ice Age.

Early person movement

Dating expert Oberto identified calcite deposits formed on the painting and used uranium series isotope dating to date the deposits 45,500 years ago. With confidence.

This makes this painting at least that age. “But the dating we’re using can be much older, because it’s just calcite on top of it,” he explained.

“The people who made it were completely modern, they were like us, they had all the abilities and tools to draw the pictures they liked,” he added. It was.

Leang Tedongnge Rock art panel from right to left. Credit: AA Oktaviana

Earlier rock art paintings of the oldest date were discovered by the same team in Sulawesi. It portrays a group of partial human, partial animal figures hunting mammals and has been found to be at least 43,900 years old.

Such cave paintings also help fill the gap in our understanding of early human movement.

People are known to have arrived in Australia 65,000 years ago, but they probably had to cross the Indonesian islands known as “Wallacea”.

The site currently represents the oldest human evidence in Wallacea, but further research shows that people were in the area much earlier and is expected to help solve the Australian settlement puzzle. I will.

The oldest cave painting in the world found in Indonesia

A picture of a pig at Leang Tedongnge. Credit: AA Oktaviana

The team believes that the artwork was created by Homo sapiens, as opposed to the now extinct human species such as the Denisovans, but this cannot be said for sure.

To make a bill, the artist needs to put his hand on the surface and then spit out the pigment, and the team is trying to extract a DNA sample from residual saliva.


The oldest artwork in the world found in an Indonesian cave: research


For more information:
A. Brumm et al. , “The oldest cave painting found in Sulawesi” Science Advances (2020). Advances.sciencemag.org/lookup… .1126 / sciadv.abd4648

© 2021 AFP

Quote: The world’s oldest known cave painting found in Indonesia (January 13, 2021) is from https://phys.org/news/2021-01-world-oldest-cave-indonesia.html 2021 1 Obtained on the 13th of March

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The oldest cave painting in the world found in Indonesia

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