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The publication of a manuscript 500 years ago reveals medieval beliefs and religious cults

The first lighting of the roll. Credit: Gail Turner / Journal of the British Archaeological Association

To reveal the pre-reform British Catholic beliefs of the 16th century, a new study analyzes a rare British illuminated medieval prayer volume that is believed to still exist in dozens of times around the world. I did.


Now in the hands of individuals and previously unknown to experts, this one-meter-long roll is about Christian pilgrimage and worship of the cross before Henry VIII disbanded the monastery. Provides fresh insights.

Examination of ancient roll illustrations and texts, including Latin and English religious poetry, is peer-reviewed. Journal of the British Archaeological Association..

“Especially” art historian and study author Gale Turner said, “This study shows the dedication of Christianity in medieval England.

“Gives insight into the devoted rituals associated with the Great Cross (” Ludo “) in the Bromholm Monastery in Norfolk, revealing a direct connection between these 16.NS Relics of the century and famous religious relics that were once associated with miracles among Christians. “

As is known to historians, the “Bromholm Ludo” probably contained a fragment of the cross that Jesus crucified.The relic turned the monastery into a popular pilgrimage site referred to as Geoffrey Chaucer. vision of Earrings Prouman..

The publication of a manuscript 500 years ago reveals medieval beliefs and religious cults

Bromholm prayer rolls on parchment, ink, silver, gold, 1370×130 mm. Credit: Gail Turner / Journal of the British Archaeological Association

An image of a black lude with a golden outline has appeared several times in Bromholmroll, with one direct reference to the “Bromholm Cross”.

According to Turner’s analysis, the prosperous pilgrims were the owners of the Bromholm prayer scrolls made by stitching two vellums together and may have been purchased by a private collector in the 1970s.

“This roll reflects an era when believers (non-priests) truly believed in both visible and invisible enemies,” said Christie’s and Courtold at the Arts Council’s Tate Britain. Turner, who worked as a consultant, says. ..

“For their owners, the role of prayer … was appreciated as a very personal inspiration for prayer during reforms, and after they were generally undervalued and fired.

“Therefore, the survival of such a magnificent roll for over 500 years is noteworthy.”

The publication of a manuscript 500 years ago reveals medieval beliefs and religious cults

The cross, the second illumination of the script. Credit: Gail Turner / Journal of the British Archaeological Association

Attaching animal skin pieces to continuous strips end-to-end to create “rolls” was once the standard method of presenting text. Medieval prayer scrolls are uncovered and are still made to be handled, so few survive today. It is 13 cm wide and 1 meter long.

Turner says worshipers regularly touched and kissed the statue of Jesus on the cross, “to experience the Passion of Christ more directly and powerfully.” Indeed, historians have revealed that wear marks are visible on Bromholm rolls whose owners have engaged in such “dedicated acts identified by other similar rolls”.

Turner was able to estimate the age of the document through a reference to the “Council of Chalcedon” in the roll or John Underwood, the penultimate and previous Bromholm. Underwood, an avid supporter of the Roman Catholic Church, became an assistant bishop of Norfolk in 1505 and lost his position in 1535, so rolls may have taken place during these dates.

Studies show that further connections between Roll, Ludo, and Underwood can be made through images of the five wounds that Christ received during the crucifixion.

Five scar symbols are depicted on Norwich’s Underwood tomb, though not commonly found in Norwich churches. In addition, when pilgrims began to worship Ludo, the five wounds focused on the Passion and the uplifting of the cross, the main devoted feasts of the Bromholm Abbey.

The publication of a manuscript 500 years ago reveals medieval beliefs and religious cults

3 nails, 4th illumination. Credit: Gail Turner / Journal of the British Archaeological Association

Turner says the original owner of the roll was likely to have been a “godly worshiper” familiar with Bromholm’s feast. A monastery patron, a member of the local Paston family, or a friend of John Underwood is among her suggestions.

Today, the monastery stands in the ruins of a field near the village of Bacton. Studies suggest that Bromholm’s fate was brought to London. This is due to a letter from Sir Richard Southwell, a courtier of Norfolk, to Thomas Cromwell in 1537.

Later, the trail appears to have cooled, he added, “the fate is unknown, but it is presumed to have been destroyed in London along with many other relics.”


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For more information:
Gail Turner, Early 16th Century Prayer Roll and Bromholm’s Holy Ludo, Journal of the British Archaeological Association (2021). DOI: 10.1080 / 00681288.2021.1964799

Provided by
Taylor & Francis

Quote: Medieval beliefs and religions acquired on October 26, 2021 from https: //phys.org/news/2021-10-year-old-manuscript-exposes-medieval- by the publication of the manuscript 500 years ago. Calto (October 26, 2021) will be released. beliefs.html

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The publication of a manuscript 500 years ago reveals medieval beliefs and religious cults

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