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The severity of COVID-19 affects prevention more than the fear of getting it

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It’s hard to think that another pandemic could occur in this lifetime. Understanding and documenting aspects of behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic will help prepare society better for the next pandemic.

Various early pandemics of COVID-19 and before vaccine development Prevention The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have recommended measures to control the spread of the virus. In April 2020, researchers at Florida Atlantic University conducted a study to investigate the impact of COVID-19 awareness on these precautions.

The survey sample included 719 members of a public social media group focused on providing up-to-date information and information about COVID-19.participant is Online survey This included items related to the health belief model, a tool used to assist in prediction. Healthy behavior, And various aspects of COVID-19. This includes experience, awareness, and 10 precautions recommended by the CDC and WHO. Recognition of COVID-19 included the participants’ perceived susceptibility or risk of infection with the virus. When they were infected with COVID-19, potential severity was identified in relation to concerns about the severity of the virus and its consequent consequences.

Result is, Community Health JournalWith a lot of media Policy maker Although it promotes susceptibility to COVID-19, such as the number of cases, this study showed that it is the potential severity that has a stronger impact on preventive practices.

In addition, moderate analysis revealed no interaction between perceived susceptibility and severity.success Behavioral changes The practice of prevention by emphasis on severity does not rely on the emphasis on perceived susceptibility. To optimize preventive practices, this study shows the potential of COVID-19 rather than the potential susceptibility of public health education programs to infect COVID-19 without worrying that relationships depend on alternative variables. Provides evidence that the severity of the disease should be emphasized.

“In order for the public to comply with the precautions recommended in the early days of the pandemic, it was necessary to understand the purpose and value of these measures, which are persuaded to comply, with behavioral changes,” Michael A. Dr. Dedonno said. D., Senior Author, Research Psychologist and Associate Professor, Research Methodology, FAU University of Education. “Behavioral changes are influenced by awareness of the challenge (COVID-19 in this case). To improve compliance with precautions, it is important to understand the factors that can affect compliance. “

To assess preventive practices, researchers used a survey that included a 10-item preventive practice questionnaire. At the time of this study, the CDC and WHO were at home, social restrictions, social distance restrictions, hand washing, hand sanitizer use, surface cleaning, travel restrictions to public areas, masks. We were promoting preventive measures such as wearing. Therefore, the precautionary assessment included the sum of these 10 items.

The results of the study showed that:

  • Nearly 73% of participants self-reported above average knowledge of COVID-19. 26.2% reported average knowledge. And only 1.1% reported below average knowledge.
  • For example, 88.2% knew that the recommended time to wash their hands was 20 seconds. 85.8% Avoid crowds 6 feet. And 85.5% correctly identified the onset of symptoms from the 2nd to the 14th.
  • Compared to susceptibility, 6.3% of participants said they were “very unlikely” to be infected with COVID-19. 45.7% said they were “low” to get infected with COVID-19. 39.6% said they were “highly likely” to be infected with COVID-19. And 8.5% said they were “very likely” to be infected with COVID-19.
  • Only 14.9% of participants reported “not at all serious” compared to the severity of possible infection with COVID-19. 43.1% answered that it was “slightly serious”. 25.2% answered that it was “serious”. 16.8% of participants reported that the severity was “very serious”.

“With a healthcare educator Community leader It should be considered to emphasize the severity of COVID-19. This includes post-COVID-19 conditions such as weakness and respiratory problems such as prolonged coughing that can last for weeks or months after infection. Further emphasis on the severity of COVID-19 may enhance preventative measures. Importantly, to prevent the spread of future viruses that lead to pandemics, Social scientist, Healthcare and marketing researchers. This is because it goes beyond psychology, healthcare and marketing to the realm of behavioral health marketing. ”


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For more information:
MA DeDonno et al, Perceived Sensitivity and Severity of COVID-19 in Early Preventive Practices of a Florida Pandemic, Community Health Journal (2022). DOI: 10.1007 / s10900-022-01090-8

Quote: The severity of COVID-19 was obtained from https: //medicalxpress.com/news/2022-05-covid-severity.html on May 11, 2022 (May 11, 2022). Affects prevention more than fear of doing

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The severity of COVID-19 affects prevention more than the fear of getting it

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