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The study examines teens’ thoughts and plans for suicide

A new study by the University of Washington and New York University examines teenager’s thinking patterns and suicide plans. Credit: Sasin Tipchai

A survey of nearly 7,500 high school students nationwide who reported experiencing a variety of suicide behaviors found that more than one-third attempted suicide.

This study, by the University of Washington and New York University, investigated gender, racial, and ethnic differences in people who think or attempt suicide, as well as related behavioral and environmental factors.

Researchers have found that black high school students are almost twice as likely to attempt suicide as white students without reporting their thoughts or plans. Students in racial and ethnic groups who have reported certain factors or behaviors, such as online bullying, sadness and despair, a history of sexual violence, smoking cigarettes, and misuse of prescription drugs, think about and plan suicide. And you are more likely to report that you have tried. I objected to making thoughts and plans without attempt.

This study was published online on September 4th. Preventive scienceOf approximately 7,500 high school students nationwide who completed the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey in 2015, 2017, or 2019 and reported suicidal ideation, suicide plans, and / or attempted suicide within the last 12 months. Contains data.

Other studies tend to combine young people who are thinking of suicide and those who have attempted suicide into one group and focus on the differences between this group and young people who have no history of suicidal behavior. According to lead author Meghan Romanelli, an assistant professor of social work at the University of Washington, the difference in this study is that it identifies clear patterns of thinking, planning, and endeavors. YouthThey range from those who think of suicide (known as “suicidal ideation”) but do not try it to those who try it without evidence of thought or planning.

“Most adolescents who are thinking of suicide do not continue to attempt suicide, so the analysis distinguishes adolescents who thought of suicide but did not attempt suicide to identify factors that could have made them higher. I wanted to. Risk. ” “These differences are important because we can develop preventative and interventional efforts aimed at adolescent risk levels.”

More than 44,000 young people responded to a national survey conducted at traditional public high schools. Researchers then found that they focused on about 7,500 respondents who expressed some suicidal ideation, planning, or attempt, and reported that 3% attempted suicide without thought or planning. About a quarter of the 7,500 respondents said they were only thinking about suicide. 38% said they planned but did not attempt suicide, and 35% said they considered, planned and attempted suicide.

Among other findings:

  • In general, young men tended to report attempts to commit suicide without thought or planning. Previous studies have shown that young men have a low percentage of mental health diagnoses, which may be due to socialization to hide grief and hopelessness.
  • Sadness and hopelessness were common among young people who thought about suicide or attempted suicide with thoughts and plans. However, those feelings were less common among those who attempted suicide without reported thoughts or plans.
  • Hispanic / Latin young people were 1.6 times more likely to report suicidal attempt, not just suicidal ideation, and four times more likely to report suicide attempt, not just suicidal ideation. Black teens, who make up just over 10% of the survey sample, accounted for more than 25% of respondents who said they attempted suicide without thought or planning.

“What we see is that young black people are more likely to prove their attempts without telling anyone in advance about their thoughts and plans,” said McSilver Institute Executive Director. Research co-author Michael A. Lindsey said. New York University Poverty Policy and Research. Lindsey supports a previous study by his team that found that new studies showed an increase in self-reported suicide attempts among young black people, while a decrease in self-reported thoughts and plans. He said he was doing it.

Suicidal screening tools usually focus on clear expressions of suicidal ideation Idea Or plan. According to Romanelli, this study can show how to make such screening tools more subtle in order to capture behavior.

“Current suicide screening Often mark Suicidal ideation And plan as a key indicator that a person may be at risk of attempt. However, young people can express their symptoms in a variety of ways, “says Romaneri.

For example, “Symptoms of young black people are more likely to manifest themselves as concerns about relationships with others, physical dissatisfaction, or behavioral problems. Suicide screening tools generally do not consider these factors, so these It is important to start thinking about potentially different things. Aside from thoughts and plans, signs and expressions of suicide warning among young black people. “

Romanelli added that it is imperative for clinicians to build trust and think about and understand the background and circumstances of the young people in front of them.


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For more information:
Meghan Romanelli et al, Factors Related to Suicidal Ideation, Suicidal Plans, and Clear Patterns of Suicide Attempts in Adolescents in the United States, Preventive science (2021). DOI: 10.1007 / s11121-021-01295-8

Quote: In the survey, teenage thoughts on suicide (September 14, 2021) obtained from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-09-teens-thoughts-suicide.html on September 14, 2021. I am investigating the plan.

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The study examines teens’ thoughts and plans for suicide

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