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This year’s extreme climate summer hits wealthier places

AP

As the world staggers another summer of extreme weather, experts are finding something different. The onslaught of 2021 has hit harder and has escaped the wrath of global warming in the past.

Wealthy countries such as the United States, Canada, Germany and Belgium are joining the poorer and more vulnerable countries on the growing list of extreme weather scientists say they have something to do with anthropogenic climate change.

“It’s not just a problem for poor countries, it’s now a problem for clearly rich countries,” he said. International disaster database At the Center for Disaster Epidemiology, University of Louvain Catholic, Belgium. “They (the rich) are overwhelmed.”

Floods of murderers struck China, but in parts of Germany and Belgium, hundreds of people unfamiliar with flooding were also drowned.With Canada Pacific Northwest What U.S. climate scientist Zeke Hausfather called a “scary” fever, jumped well beyond three digits in Fahrenheit to the height of 40s in Celsius, breaking records. Rare wildfire..Southern Europe is watching now Unprecedented heat When fire..

When Atlantic hurricane peak The US wildfire season has just begun.

When the Hurricane Elsa was formed on July 1st, it was Breaking last year’s record For the first fifth, named Atlantic Storm.Colorado State University is already Raised the prediction Because of the number of named Atlantic storms — and Wednesday’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said it was Expecting one or two named storms More than expected in May.

Western United States during the fire season The driest ever Since 1580, based on soil moisture measurements and tree ring records, UCLA’s climate and fire scientist Parr has been prepared to exacerbate the fire if something ignites. Williams said.

What happens during the U.S. hurricane and fire season will affect year-end statistics on total weather damage, said Ernst Rauf, chief climate and geoscientist at Munich Re, insurance giant. Stated. But so far this year, he said, the wealthiest areas have seen the greatest economic losses.

But when poorer countries are attacked, they are unprepared and there is more harm because their people cannot use or leave the air conditioner, says the Breakthrough Institute. Climate director, Housefather, said. Hundreds of people were killed in the heat waves of the Pacific Northwest, much more in poorer areas, he said.

Madagascar, an island nation off the coast of East Africa, is in the midst of a series of droughts warned by the United Nations. Drive 400,000 people to hunger.

It’s too early to say that the summer of 2021 will once again break the record for climate disasters, but “we are certainly beginning to see climate change pushing extreme events into new territories never seen before.” Housefather said.

Number of Weather, water, climate Disaster researchers Guha Sapil said the number of disasters so far this year is only slightly higher than the average in recent years. Her group’s database states that a significant number of events are still missing, showing 208 such disasters worldwide by July. This is about 11% more than the average for the last 10 years, but a little less than last year.

Last year, the record-breaking heat wave that broke out of nowhere was in Siberia, where few people lived, but this year it hit Portland, Oregon, and British Columbia, which are attracting the attention of the western media, Housefather said. Stated.

What’s happening is, “Not only are the statistics for these extreme events partially increasing, but stable drum beats, year-over-year piles … all of us reading these headlines. Is making a cumulative sacrifice, “said Georgia Institute of Technology. Climate scientist Kim Cobb.

“This pattern of recent Northern Hemisphere summers has been very harsh,” said Peter Stott, a climate scientist at the University of Exeter.

The overall temperature rise is “as I said 20 years ago, but … what we see about heat waves and floods is more extreme than we expected at the time,” Stott said. I am.

Climate scientists say there is no doubt that climate change from the burning of coal, oil and natural gas is causing extreme events.

Floods around the world have hit 10 times more people than previously thought, according to a new study using satellite images of global floods since 2000.Wednesday study Journal Nature From 2000 to 2018, it was found that 255 to 290 million people were directly affected by the flood. Beth Thermann, the lead author of the University of Arizona, states that it is based on a flood of 913 people, whose thousands are not counted due to satellite imagery problems.

Previous estimates have shown that far fewer people have been hit by floods because they were based on computer simulations rather than observations. According to a new survey, the population inside the flooded area has increased by 34% since 2000, almost twice as fast as the population outside the flooded area.

Terman has identified 25 “climate surprises” countries that have to deal with far more flood problems than they do today. These countries include not only the United States, but also Germany, Belgium and China, which were flooded this summer.

Aside from dramatic floods and fires, heat waves are a major risk to prepare for the future, Guha-Sapir said.

“Because older people are most susceptible to sudden heat peaks, it will be a huge problem in Western countries, and the demographic profile of Europeans is very old.” She said. “Heat waves will be a big problem in the next few years.”



This year’s extreme climate summer hits wealthier places

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