U.S. bird flu incident puts chicken and turkey farms on alert

A flock of young turkeys stands in the barn of the Moleen turkey farm after the farm in Mason, Iowa was replenished on August 10, 2015. The 2015 outbreak of bird flu killed 50 million birds in 15 states and cost the federal government nearly $ 1 billion. The new horror is triggered by the discovery of a virus that infects Indiana’s commercial turkey herds, announced on February 9, 2022.Credits: AP Photo / Charlie Neibergall, File

Farms that raise turkeys and chickens for meat and eggs are vigilant and are taking steps to enhance biosecurity. Avian flu epidemic in 2015 threatens to kill 50 million birds in 15 states and cost the federal government nearly $ 1 billion.

The new horror is caused by the discovery of the virus announced on February 9th. Infects a flock of commercial turkeys In Indiana. 29,000 turkeys in the flock were killed to prevent the spread of the virus.

With the poultry industry Government officials He says he has plans to stop the spread that he learned from 2015 more quickly. virus Potentially deadly for commercial poultry.Eggs, turkey and chicken prices may rise and availability may decline bird It was supposed to be infected on a sufficient number of farms.

“Now that very high cases have been identified, it is definitely considered a high-risk period. Pathogenic avian influenza Dr. Dennis Hard, a poultry veterinarian and vice president of research at the American Poultry and Egg Association, said: It’s an isolated case, but I want to do my best and prepare for the worst. “

With the 2015 outbreak, producers killed 33 million spawning chickens in Iowa, one of the country’s leading spawners, and 9 million birds in Minnesota, one of the leading turkey producers in the United States, Nebraska, South Dakota, Showed a small outbreak in Wisconsin. The disease has caused national egg and turkey prices to skyrocket for several months, egg prices to rise 61% at one point, and boneless and skinless turkey breast prices from May to July 2015. It rose 75% in the meantime.

The outbreak is considered the most expensive animal health hazard in U.S. history, with approximately $ 1 billion to the government for the removal and disposal of infected birds and the payment of government compensation to producers of lost birds. It cost me.

The strain currently circulating is H5N1 type, which is associated with the 2015 virus. It has been circulating in Europe and Asia for months and was discovered in Canadian wild birds a few weeks ago and in a commercial herd in Canada a week before a US case was identified.

Migrating wild birds often carry strains of avian influenza and are often less pathogenic, meaning they do not kill birds. From time to time, these strains can enter a herd of livestock and mutate into a more deadly virus. Dr. Yuko Sato, a veterinarian and assistant professor at Iowa State University’s School of Veterinary Diagnosis and Production Veterinary Medicine, said that the H5N1 virus, which is currently prevalent in wild birds, is already highly pathogenic and fatal from the beginning.

U.S. surveillance activities have identified the virus Wild birds Over the last few weeks, New Hampshire, Delaware, North Carolina, Virginia, Florida and South Carolina have revealed that it is in widespread environment.

The virus can easily spread from wild bird droppings and be carried to commercial flock at the feet and equipment of workers. As a result, high-level biosecurity protocols are enabled nationwide in commercial activities. They have enacted new safeguards to prevent the deadly bird flu infection, often called HPAI, and to isolate them when they occur.

“Since the outbreak of HPAI in 2015, USDA and its partners have stepped up their preparation efforts and are ready to address this detection,” said Lyndsay Cole, a spokeswoman for USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. increase.Outbreak in the United States

Federal and State officials Is working with the poultry industry to move poultry and equipment used to move birds in and out of certain boundaries (usually initially about 6 miles (10 km)) around an infected barn. A virus that limits immediate quarantine or kills and removes birds at the site of infection. Tests are conducted in both wild bird and poultry quarantine areas.Disinfection is done to kill the virus on the affected farms and tests are used to confirm the absence of the virus virus..

Producers who want to be eligible for government compensation payments in the event of a disaster should have a biosecurity protocol that is updated regularly. To help with that, USDA has created a 14-point biosecurity plan for producers. It is audited annually and reviewed every two years by the state agricultural agency.

In Iowa, a state with 49 million chickens, egg farmers are working with state and federal authorities to keep the disease away from the herd, Kevin Kevin, Managing Director of the Iowa Poultry Association and the Iowa Egg Council. Styles said.

“IPA maintains open communication and provides monitoring tests, especially related to biosecurity best practices. We are confident in our ability to prepare and manage herds of producers.” He said.

Agency: Bird flu found in birds on a turkey farm in Indiana

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U.S. bird flu incident puts chicken and turkey farms on alert

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