Understand the dynamics of the neighborhood related to gun violence in COVID-19

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Average rate of bimonthly gun violence in the Philadelphia area from January / February 2017 to May / June 2021. Credits: Image 1.0 / created by the author using open source images from (Gibson Hurst, CC0, / publicdomain / zero /), and data from the author’s study (Johnson, Roman, 2022, PLOS ONECC-BY, / licenses / by / 4.0 /)

A new study focuses on the dynamics of neighborhood-level gun violence in Philadelphia during the COVID-19 pandemic and identifies a statistical link between changes in shooting rates and levels of drug market and police activity. .. Nicole Johnson and Katerina Roman of Temple University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania have published these findings in an open access journal. PLOS ONE February 23, 2022.

Many previous studies have been with murder Gun violence Increased in later cities Pandemic It has occurred.However, in different locations, the onset of a pandemic, such as the timing of policies to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. violence.. In addition, most studies have investigated pandemic gun violence on a city-wide scale without digging into individual neighborhoods.

How Johnson and Roman evaluated to reveal the dynamics of gun violence in the city photograph From January 2017 to June 2021, prices in different parts of Philadelphia changed before and after the pandemic began. We used a statistical model known as a piecewise generalized linear mixed-effects model to investigate whether these changes were statistically related to various neighborhood characteristics.

Analysis shows that after the pandemic began, the average rate of fire in the neighborhood increased, but this increase occurred at a different rate for each neighborhood. Researchers also found that the level of drug market activity and police activity in the neighborhood was strongly associated with changes in shooting rates during the COVID-19 pandemic.

In addition, certain characteristics related to neighborhood structures, such as racial composition and the proportion of people with low socioeconomic status, were associated with increased shooting rates. However, these relationships were stable during the pandemic.

The authors outline how their findings are consistent with existing studies of gun violence and help their studies inform efforts to reduce gunfire in general and as a result of pandemics. I will suggest a method that can be done. For example, addressing drug market-related violence may help mitigate the increase in shootings seen after a pandemic occurs.

Some scholars suggest that the increase in gun violence is due to police retreating aggressive police in a minority neighborhood in the aftermath of incidents such as the death of George Floyd. Studies have found that gun violence increased most in areas of highest police activity. Future research may explore finer-scale associations around such significant events.

The author adds: Drug market activity as a factor contributing to the increase in gun violence over pandemics neighborhood The risk of firearm damage, which is even more vulnerable to the social and economic conditions already introduced in 2020, is high. ”

Gun violence surged during the COVID-19 pandemic, but the reasons are complex.

For more information:
Johnson NJ, Roman CG (2022) Correlation of community changes: A mixed effect assessment of shooting dynamics in COVID-19. PLoS ONE 17 (2): e0263777.

Quote: Understanding Neighbor Dynamics Related to Gun Violence in COVID-19 (February 23, 2022) Obtained February 23, 2022 from .html

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Understand the dynamics of the neighborhood related to gun violence in COVID-19

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