Tech

United Nations encourages ambitious action to protect the ocean

The 30 x 30 plan will cover 30% of the earth’s land and sea as protected areas by 2030.

World leaders must do more to protect the seas, and a major UN conference signed on Friday aimed at a new treaty to protect the high seas.


“We need greater ambition at all levels to deal with the dire conditions of the ocean,” the United Nations Maritime Conference in Lisbon said in its final declaration.

Meeting in the Portuguese capital — attendance Government officialsExperts and supporters from 140 countries are not the venue for negotiations.

However, it sets the agenda for August’s final international negotiations on a treaty to protect the high seas. High seas Beyond national jurisdiction.

“The loss of biodiversity, the deterioration of marine health, the progress of the climate crisis … all have one reason in common … Human behaviorOur dependence on oil and gas, and all of them need to be addressed, “UN Envoy Peter Thomson told AFP.

The ocean produces half of the oxygen we breathe, regulates the weather, and provides the only largest source of protein in humankind.

It also absorbs a quarter of CO2 90% of pollution and excess heat Global warmingTherefore, it plays an important role in protecting life on earth.

However, they are at stake due to human activity.

The ocean plays an important role in protecting life on earth

The ocean plays an important role in protecting life on earth.

Seawater becomes acidic, threatening the aquatic food chain and the ocean’s ability to absorb carbon.Global warming has created a large ocean heat wave that is killing Coral reef Enlarge the dead zone that has lost oxygen.

Humans caught some Marine life Endangered and used the world’s waters as a garbage dump.

Contract patchwork

With the patchwork of the agreement today Regulatory body Transportation, fishing, Mineral extraction From the seabed.

Mr. Thomson said in August he was “extremely confident” that governments could agree on a “strong but operational” Convention on the High Seas.

Tiago Pitta e Cunha, Head of the Portuguese Foundation Oceano Azul (Blue Ocean), said: High seas.. “

The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest biological structure visible from space.

The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest biological structure visible from space.

Laura Meller of Greenpeace called for further action.

“We know that if words can save the ocean, it is not on the verge of collapse,” she told AFP.

“So, in August, when the government meets at the United Nations, they need to complete a truly powerful global maritime treaty.”

After that, efforts to protect the ocean will continue at two major summits later this year. The United Nations Climate Change Conference in November and the United Nations Biodiversity Negotiations in December.

Overfishing, mining, plastic

At the heart of the draft UN Convention on Biological Diversity is a plan to designate 30% of the Earth’s land and sea as protected areas by 2030.

Currently, less than 8 percent of the ocean is protected.

Many new protected marine areas may be declared off limits to fishing, mining, drilling, or other mining activities that scientists say destroy fragile submarine ecosystems.

Microplastics kill huge numbers of seabirds and marine mammals each year

Microplastics kill huge numbers of seabirds and marine mammals each year.

To make matters worse, the United Nations says, a torrent of endless pollution, containing every minute of plastic, the equivalent of a garbage truck.

“The sea is not a dump,” UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned on Monday. “It’s not a source of endless looting. It’s a fragile system on which we all depend.”


Leaders must conclude a “strong” maritime treaty: Greenpeace


© 2022 AFP

Quote: The United Nations protects the ocean (July 1, 2022) acquired from https: //phys.org/news/2022-07-urges-ambitious-action-oceans.html on July 1, 2022. Encourage ambitious action for

This document is subject to copyright. No part may be reproduced without written permission, except for fair transactions for personal investigation or research purposes. Content is provided for informational purposes only.



United Nations encourages ambitious action to protect the ocean

Source link United Nations encourages ambitious action to protect the ocean

Show More

Related Articles

Back to top button