Tampa, Florida — Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Health Recommendations for Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Published Friday Many people focus on unfamiliar illnesses. However, the disease can be especially dangerous for infants and the elderly.
What is a respiratory syncytial virus?
According to the CDC, respiratory syncytial virus is a common respiratory virus that usually causes “mild cold-like symptoms.” It is also the most common cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children under 1 year of age in the United States.
What are the symptoms of RSV?
Symptoms of RSV usually begin to appear within 4 to 6 days of the initial infection and include the following:
- Runny nose
- Loss of appetite
- According to the CDC, symptoms usually appear in stages rather than all at once. For young infants, the only symptoms may be hypersensitivity, decreased activity, and dyspnea.
How does RSV spread?
RSV is an airborne pathogen and can spread in other ways. It can spread in the following cases:
- Infected person coughs or sneezes
- Virus droplets enter the eyes, nose, and mouth from coughing and sneezing
- Touch the surface of the doorknob or other virus-laden surface and touch your face before washing your hands
- Direct contact with the virus, such as kissing the face of a child infected with the RS virus
- How long have you been infected with RSV?
- People infected with RSV are usually infected for 3 to 8 days. However, some infants and people with weakened immunity can continue to spread the virus for as long as four weeks. RSV can survive for hours on hard surfaces such as tables and crib rails.
Who is at greatest risk of severe RSV infection?
The CDC states that infants and the elderly are the most vulnerable to the virus and are most likely to have serious complications when they get sick.
Most endangered infants:
- Premature baby
- Very young babies, especially babies under 6 months old
- Children under 2 years of age with chronic lung disease or congenital (presence from birth) heart disease
- Children with weakened immunity
- Children with neuromuscular disease (such as children who have difficulty swallowing or excreting mucus secretions)
Among the elderly, the highest risk of severe RSV infection is:
- Elderly people, especially over 65 years old
- Adults with chronic heart or lung disease
- Adults with weakened immunity
What Diseases Can RSV Cause?
- In children, respiratory syncytial virus can cause bronchiolitis (inflammation of the respiratory tract of the lungs) and pneumonia (infection of the lungs).
- The CDC states that in older people, RSV can cause pneumonia, severe symptoms in asthma patients, severe symptoms in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and severe symptoms of congestive heart failure. Stated.
How can RSV be prevented?
RSV usually occurs in the fall, winter, and spring, but it can occur at any time. The CDC takes the following steps to prevent RSV infection and to prevent infants and older adults from becoming infected with RSV.
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Keep your hands on your face
- Avoid close contact with sick people
- Covers coughing and sneezing
- Surface cleaning and disinfection
- Stay home when you are sick
For more information on RSV from CDC click here..
What is a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection?
Source link What is a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection?