Witnessing police is more likely to cause emotional distress to young people of color

Semenza said the researchers didn’t expect the findings to be so clear.Credit: Rutgers University

Since George Floyd’s death in May last year, police outages of colored races escalating due to violence and death have received national attention.

But there may be more to this hotly contested issue. New Rutgers University-Camden research shows that young people are more likely to cause emotional distress than whites, even if they witness a police stop.

“I didn’t think the findings were so clear,” said Dan Semenza, an assistant professor at Rutgers–Camden. “Black, Hispanic, and multi-ethnic youth all have a much higher rate of mental distress and feel scared, angry, or unsafe than white youth.”

Cemenza and the co-author of the study co-authored a witnessed police stop in a new paper entitled “Unpacking Racial / Ethnic Disparities in Emotional Distress between Witnessed Police Stopped Adolescents.” We are investigating the racial and ethnic disparities in emotional distress within. Adolescent Health Journal..

This treatise describes the health effects of children who have witnessed police stop even though they have not been stopped by the police themselves, and which of these experiences depends on the race of the child and the type of interaction they have witnessed. Investigate how different it is.

Researchers including Dylan Jackson of Johns Hopkins University. Juan Del Toro of the University of Pittsburgh; Alexander Testa of the University of Texas. Michael Vaughn of the University of St. Louis analyzed data on adolescents born in cities in the United States from the latest wave of research on the health of vulnerable families and children. Semenza oversampled young people at high risk of criminal justice involvement, violence involvement, and police encounters in an important survey of about 4,800 people born between 1998 and 2000. It states that there is.

“I would like to use these specific data as this is an important dataset that reaches the center of a high-risk population that may be experiencing relatively rare events such as intrusive police outages. I came to think, “he says.

In addition to the racial and ethnic disparities in emotional distress reported, according to Rutgers–Camden researchers, this distress is a more characteristic cessation mainly in colored youth, especially black and multi-ethnic children. It turned out to be due to the fact that he was experiencing an officer’s intrusion and procedural fraud.

According to Semenza, police intrusion is defined as physical examination or stroking, searching for personal bags or pockets, using harsh words or racial slurs, threatening, or using physical force. I did.

“This adds to the danger and anxiety being witnessed due to tensions in police stops,” says Semenza.

In addition, procedural justice was measured for the child’s reaction to whether the suspended people were being treated in the right way. For example, did police officers tell people why they were stopped, their rights were respected, and they were treated with dignity and respect?

Researchers have learned from previous studies that blacks, Hispanics, and multi-ethnic youths are exposed to police encounters because police are located in colored communities, especially in disadvantaged communities with high poverty and unemployment. I will explain that it was. However, when researchers further investigated the types of police stops that children were witnessing, racial disparities were terrible.

“A concrete look at officer intrusion and procedural justice really made these differences come to light, which was the driving force behind this treatise,” he says.

Researchers at Rutgers–Camden found that in addition to media-published police stops of colored races, these higher exposures to police stops for colored youth could have catastrophic consequences. Claims to be.

“These daily outages have a spillover effect on the community, even if people themselves are not directly involved in the quarrel,” says Semenza.

Based on the findings, he says crackdown practices and policies need to be revisited to reduce excessive crackdowns in the color community.

“This must be backed up by investments to change these police practices,” he says. “Otherwise, it will continue.”

He also argues that colored youth can benefit from additional intervention strategies both inside and outside the school-screening by school coaching counselors, psychologists, or doctors among them-these. Address the incidents that the children are seeing and identify the child undergoing post-traumatic treatment. Increased traumatic stress and anxiety. Trauma from these episodes can have long-term health implications as the child grows into adulthood, he says.

“The approach I take with my colleagues is based on the trauma of the life course,” he says. “We have early trauma to improve how childhood exposure to violence affects outcomes in later stages of life, and to improve outcomes in the next 50, 60, and 70 years of life. I would like to think about how we can think of reducing to. ”

Researchers are investigating the impact of police outages on youth mental health

For more information:
Dylan B. Jackson et al. Unpacking racial / ethnic disparities in emotional distress between witnessed police parked adolescents, Adolescent Health Journal (2021). DOI: 10.1016 / j.jadohealth.2021.02.021

Courtesy of Rutgers University

Quote: The police witnessed a youth of color obtained from on April 23, 2021 (April 23, 2021). More likely to cause emotional distress in the day)

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Witnessing police is more likely to cause emotional distress to young people of color

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