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Is the US on the brink of a new malaria epidemic?

5 cases malaria spread by mosquito has been reported in we in the last two months. 4 of them are floridaand another was reported texasaccording to a health alert from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Monday.

The development raised concerns, as the United States has been without localized outbreaks for about 20 years.

The cause of this disease is Parasite It can be transmitted through mosquito bites. Affected people may present with symptoms such as fever, chills, and flu-like complications. Malaria can lead to serious illness and death if left untreated.

Health officials have warned doctors, especially in southern states with warm climates and mosquito-prone conditions, to be aware of the disease when treating patients.

They advised doctors to plan intravenous artesunate, the first-line treatment for severe malaria used in the United States.

Five people infected with the disease are said to have “recovered,” according to reports. CDC.

Malaria is a particularly deadly disease in sub-Saharan Africa. The region includes 16 countries with the highest number of malaria deaths in the world, according to the report. who. The group reported that 593,000 people died from the disease in the region in 2022, a slight drop from an estimated death toll of about 600,000 in 2020.

Malaria is commonly associated with Africa because it continues to be endemic in parts of the continent, but until the early 20th century, the disease was a scourge not only for Native Americans, but also for settlers and pioneers. . The disease, commonly called agu, was believed by settlers to be caused by exposure to swamps, as they were unaware that mosquitoes carried the parasite that spread the disease.

Reports from the Northeast, Midwest, South, and Southeast states all indicate that malaria was a problem for American settlers. In the early 20th century, efforts to drain swamps and marshes, ideal breeding grounds for mosquitoes, helped reduce the number of diseases.

By the 1940s, state and local health agencies in the United States embarked on sweeping campaigns to eradicate malaria, usually by using DDT and insecticides to kill mosquitoes. Continuous swamp drainage and destruction of known mosquito breeding sites were also carried out during the campaign.

This effort was successful. By 1951, health experts believed malaria had been nearly eradicated from the United States, according to the report. CDC.

About 2,000 people are still diagnosed with malaria each year in the United States, mostly in travelers returning from malaria-endemic countries.

Since 1992, only 11 outbreaks of malaria originating from mosquitoes native to the United States have been reported. The last known outbreak occurred in Palm Beach County, Florida, in 2003, with 8 documented cases.

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-malaria-outbreak-cases-reported-b2365975.html Is the US on the brink of a new malaria epidemic?

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